i-Hilt

Virtual platform on the history of international law

History of International Law Basic Reading List

Edited by Randall Lesaffer

General surveys

  • Antony Anghie, Imperialism, Sovereignty and the Making of International Law (Cambridge UP 2005).
  • David J. Bederman, ‘The Sea’, in Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford UP 2012) 359-79
  • Lauren Benton, A Search for Sovereignty. Law and Geography in European Empires, 1400-1900 (Cambridge UP 2010).
  • Geoffrey Best, Humanity in Warfare. The Modern History of the International Law of Armed Conflict (London: Methuen 1980).
  • Ludwig Bittner, Die Lehre von den völkenrechtlichen Vertragsurkunden (Stuttgart, Berlin and Leipzig: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt 1924).
  • Arthur Eyffinger, ‘Self-Defence or the Meanderings of a Protean Principle’ in Arthur Eyffinger, Alan Stephens and Sam Muller (eds.), Self-Defence as a Fundamental Principle (The Hague: Hague Academic Press 2009) 109-38.
  • Jörg Fisch, Krieg und Frieden im Friedensvertrag. Eine universalgeschichtliche Studie über Grundlagen und Formelementen des Friedensschlusses (Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta 1979).
  • Jörg Fisch, Die europäische Expansion und das Völkerrecht. Die Auseinandersetzungen um den Status der überseeischen Gebiete vom 15. Jahrhundert bis zur Gegenwart (Stuttgart: Steiner 1984).
  • Andrew Fitzmaurice, Sovereignty, Property and Empire, 1500-2000 (Cambridge UP 2014).
  • Carlo Focarelli, Introduzione storica al diritto internazionale (Milan: Giuffrè 2012).
  • Linda S. Frey and Marsha L. Frey, The History of Diplomatic Immunity (Columbus: Ohio State University Press 1999).
  • Dominique Gaurier, Histoire du droit international. De l’Antiquité à la création de l’ONU (Presses Universitaires de Rennes 2014).
  • V.E. Grabar, The History of International Law in Russia 1647-1917. A Bio-Bibliographical Study (Oxford: Clarendon Press 1990).
  • Gustavo Gozzi, Diritto e civiltà. Storia e filosofia del diritto internazionale (Bologna: Il Mulino 2010).
  • Wilhelm G. Grewe, The Epochs of International Law (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter 2000).
  • Emmannuelle Jouannet, The Liberal-Welfarist Law of Nations. A History of International Law (Cambridge UP 2012).
  • Friedrich Juenger, Choice of Law and Multistate Justice (Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1993).
  • Shin Kawashima, ‘China’, in Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford UP 2012) 451-74.
  • David Kennedy, ‘Primitive Legal Scholarship’, Harvard International Law Journal, 27 (1986) 1-98.
  • Robert Kolb, Esquisse d’un droit international public des anciennes cultures extra européennes (Paris: Pédone 2010).
  • Sharon Korman, The Rights of Conquest. The Acquisition of Territory by Force in International Law and Practice (Oxford: Clarendon Press 1996).
  • Slim Laghmani, Histoire du droit des gens du jus gentium imperial au jus publicum europaeum (Paris: Pédone 2003).
  • Randall Lesaffer, ‘Peace Treaties and the Formation of International Law’, in Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford UP 2012) 71-94.
  • Randall Lesaffer, ‘Too Much History: From War as Sanction to the Sanctioning of War’ in Marc Weller (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Use of Force in International Law (Oxford UP 2015) 35-55.
  • Kurt Lipstein, Principles of the Conflict of Laws, National and International (Hingham, Dordrecht: Kluwer 1981).
  • Alex Mills, ‘The Private History of International Law’ International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 55 (2006) 1-50.
  • Stephen C. Neff, The Rights and Duties of Neutrals. A General History (Manchester University Press 2000).
  • Stephen C. Neff, War and the Law of Nations. A General History (Cambridge UP 2005).
  • Stephen C. Neff, Justice among Nations. A History of International Law (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press 2014).
  • Yasuaki Onuma, ‘When was the Law of International Society Born? An Inquiry of the History of International Law from an Intercivilizational Perspective’, Journal of the History of International Law, 2 (2000) 1-66.
  • Umut Özsu, ‘Ottoman Empire’, in Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford UP 2012) 429-48.
  • Bruno Paradisi, ‘L’amitié internationale. Les phases critiques de son ancienne histoire’, Recueil des Cours de l’Académie de Droit International, 78 (1951) 325-78.
  • Cornelis G. Roelofsen, ‘International Arbitration and Courts’ in Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford UP 2012) 145-69.
  • Carl Schmitt, Der Nomos der Erde im Völkerrecht des Jus Publicum Europaeum (4th edn., Berlin: Duncker & Humblot 1997).
  • Koen Stapelbroek, ‘Trade, Chartered Companies, and Mercantile Associations’ in Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford UP 2012) 338-58.
  • Brian Tierney, The Idea of Natural Rights (Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press 1997).
  • Masaharu Yanagihara, ‘Japan’, in Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford UP 2012) 475-99.
  • Hessel E. Yntema, ‘The Historical Bases for Private International Law’ The American Journal for Comparative Law, 3 (1953) 297-317.
  • Karl-Heinz Ziegler, Völkerrechtsgeschichte. Ein Studienbuch (2nd edn., Munster: C.H. Beck 2007).

Antiquity

  • David J. Bederman, International Law in Antiquity (Cambridge UP 2001).
  • Erich S. Gruen, The Hellenistic World and the Coming of Rome (Berkeley etc.: University of California Press 1994).
  • Coleman Phillipson, The International Law and Custom of Ancient Greece and Rome (2 vols., London: Macmillan 1911).
  • Wolfgang Preiser, ‘Die Epochen der antiken Völkerrechtsgeschichte’, Juristenzeitung, 23-24 (1956) 737-44.
  • Wolfgang Preiser, ‘Zum Völkerrecht der vorklassischen Antike’, Archiv des Völkerrechts, 4 (1954) 257-88.
  • Alan Watson, International Law in Archaic Rome. War and Religion (Baltimore and London: John Hopkins University Press 1993).
  • Karl-Heinz Ziegler, ‘Das Völkerrecht der römischen Republik’ in Hildegard Temporini (ed.), Aufstieg und Untergang der römischen Welt (Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter 1972), vol. 1, 68-114.
  • Karl-Heinz Ziegler, ‘Conclusion and Publication of International Treaties in Antiquity’, Israel Law Review, 29 (1995) 233-49.
  • Karl-Heinz Ziegler, ‘Regeln für den Handelsverkehr in Staatsverträgen des Altertums’, Legal History Review, 70 (2002) 55-67.

Middle Ages

  • Jenny Benham, Peacemaking in the Middle Ages. Principles and Practice (Manchester UP 2011).
  • Ernst-Dieter Hehl, Kirche und Krieg im 12. Jahrhundert. Studien zu kanonischen Recht und politischer Wirklichkeit (Stuttgart 1980).
  • Maurice H. Keen, The Laws of War in the Middle Ages (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul 1965)
  • Randall Lesaffer, ‘The Medieval Canon Law of Contract and Early-Modern Treaty Law’, Journal of the History of International Law, 2 (2000) 178-98.
  • James Muldoon, ‘The Contribution of the Medieval Canon Lawyers to the Formation of International Law, Traditio, 28 (1972) 483-97.
  • Bruno Paradisi, ‘Il significato e l’importanza dell’epoca di transizione dall’antichità al medio evo per la storia del diritto internazionale’ in Bruno Paradisi, Civitas maxima. Studi di storia del diritto internazionale (Firenze: Leo S. Olchki 1974) vol. 2, 815-42.
  • Frederick H. Russell, The Just War in the Middle Ages (Cambridge UP 1975).
  • Heinhard Steiger, Die Ordnung der Welt. Eine Völkerrechtsgeschichte des karolingisches Zeitalters (741 bis 840) (Köln, Weimar and Vienna: Böhlau 2010).
  • Karl-Heinz Ziegler, ‘Die römische Grundlagen des europäischen Völkerrechts’, Ius Commune, 4 (1972) 1-27.

Early Modern Age (1492-1815)

  • Kinji Akashi, Cornelius van Bynkershoek. His Role in the History of International Law (The Hague, London and Boston: Kluwer Law International 1998).
  • Charles Henry Alexandrowicz, ‘The Afro-Asian World and the Law of Nations (Historical Approach)’, Recueil des Cours de l’Académie de Droit International, 123 (1968) 117-214.
  • Stéphane Beaulac, ‘The Westphalian Legal Orthodoxy – Myth or Reality?’, Journal of the History of International Law, 2 (2000) 146-77.
  • Marc Bélissa, Fraternité universelle et intérêt national (1713-1795). Les cosmopolitiques du droit des gens (Paris: Editions Kimé 1998).
  • Frederik Dhondt, ‘From Contract to Treaty. The Legal Transformation of the Spanish Succession 1659-1713’, Journal of the History of International Law, 13 (2011) 347-75.
  • Peter Haggenmacher, Grotius et la doctrine de la guerre juste (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France 1983).
  • Peter Haggenmacher, ‘Grotius and Gentili: A Reassessment of Thomas E. Holland’s Inaugural Lecture’ in in Hedly Bull, Benedict Kingsbury and Adam Roberts (eds.), Hugo Grotius and International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press 1990) 133-76.
  • Peter Haggenmacher, ‘On the Doctrinal Origins of Ius in Bello: From Rights of War to the Laws of War’ in Thilo Marauhn and Heinhard Steiger (eds.), Universality and Continuity in International Law (The Hague: Eleven International Publishing 2011) 325-58.
  • Lewis Hanke, The Spanish Struggle for Justice in the Conquest of America (2nd edn., Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press 2002)
  • Tamar Herzog, Frontiers of Possession. Spain and Portugal in Europe and the Americas (Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press 2015).
  • Ian Hunter, ‘Vattel’s Law of Nations: Diplomatic Casuistry for the Protestant Nation’, Grotiana, NS 31 (2010) 108-40.
  • Emmannuelle Jouannet, Emer de Vattel et l’émergence doctrinale du droit international classique (Paris: Pédone 1998).
  • Bernd Klesmann, Bellum Solemne. Formen und Funktionen europäischer Kriegserklärungen des 17. Jahrhunderts (Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern 2007).
  • Martti Koskenniemi, ‘The Advantage of Treaties. International Law in the Enlightenment’, Edinburgh Law Review, 13 (2009) 27-67.
  • Martti Koskenniemi, ‘Empire and International Law: The Real Spanish Contribution’, University of Toronto Journal, 61 (2011) 1-36.
  • Raymond Kubben, Regeneration and Hegemony. Franco-Batavian Relations in the Revolutionary Era, 1795-1803 (Leiden and Boston: Martinus Nijhoff 2011).
  • Randall Lesaffer, ‘The Westphalia Peace Treaties and the Development of the Tradition of Great European Peace Settlements Prior to 1648’, Grotiana, NS 18 (1997) 71-95.
  • Randall Lesaffer, ‘The Classical Law of Nations (1500-1800)’ in Alexander Orakhelashvili (ed.), Research Handbook on the Theory and History of International Law (Cheltenham and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar 2011) 408-40.
  • Karl-Heinz Lingens, Internationale Schiedsgerichtbarkeit und Jus Publicum Europaeum: 1649-1794 (Berlin: Duncker & Humblott 1988).
  • Henk Nellen, Hugo Grotius. A Lifelong Struggle for Peace in Church and State, 1583-1645 (Leiden and Boston: Brill 2014).
  • Janne Nijman, ‘Images of Grotius, or the International Rule of Law beyond Historical Oscillation’, Journal of the History of International Law, 17 (2015) 83-137.
  • Anthony Pagden, Lords of All the World. Ideologies of Empire in Spain, Britain and France c. 1500- c. 1800 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press 1995).
  • Pärtel Piirimäe, ‘Just War in Theory and Practice: The Legitimation of Swedish Intervention in the Thirty Years War’, Historical Journal, 45 (2002) 499-523.
  • Walter Rech, Enemies of Mankind. Vattel’s Theory of Collective Security (Leiden and Boston: Martinus Nijhoff 2013).
  • Cornelis G. Roelofsen, ‘Grotius and the International Politics of the Seventeenth Century’, in Hedly Bull, Benedict Kingsbury and Adam Roberts (eds.), Hugo Grotius and International Relations (Oxford: Clarendon Press 1990) 95-131.
  • Eric Schnakenbourg, Entre la guerre et la paix. Neutalité et relations internationales XVIIe-XVIIIe siècles (Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes 2013).
  • James Brown Scott, The Spanish Origin of International Law. Francisco de Vitoria and his Law of Nations (Oxford/London: Clarendon Press/Humphrey Milford 1934).
  • Mark Somos, ‘Selden’s Mare Clausum. The Secularisation of International Law and the Rise of Soft Imperialism’, Journal of the History of International Law, 14 (2012) 287-330.
  • Heinhard Steiger, ‘Der Westfälischen Frieden – Grundgesetz für Europa?’ in Hein Duchhardt (ed.), Der Westfälische Friede. Diplomatie, politische Zäsur, kulturelles Umfeld, Rezeptionsgeschichte (Munich: Oldenbourg 1998) 33-80.
  • Benjamin Straumann, Roman Law in the State of Nature. The Classical Foundations of Hugo Grotius’ Natural Law (Cambridge UP 2015).
  • Anuschka Tischer, Offizielle Kriegsbegründungen in der frühen Neuzeit. Herrscherkommunikation in Europa zwischen Souveränität und korporativem Selbstverständnis (Berlin: Lit Verlag 2012).
  • Richard Tuck, The Rights of War and Peace. Political Thought and International Order from Grotius to Kant (Oxford UP 1999).
  • Kaius Tuori, ‘Alberico Gentili and the Criticism of Expansion in the Roman Empire. The Invader’s Remorse’, Journal of the History of International Law, 11 (2009) 205-220.
  • Martine Julia Van Ittersum, Profit and Principle. Hugo Grotius, Natural Rights Theories and the Rise of the Dutch Power in the East Indies (1595-1615) (Leiden and Boston: Brill 2006).
  • Alain Wijfels, ‘Early-Modern Scholarship of International Law’ in Alexander Orakhelashvili (ed.), Research Handbook on the Theory and History of International Law (Cheltenham and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar 2011) 23-60.
  • James Q. Whitman, The Verdict of Battle. The Law of Victory and the Making of War (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press 2012).
  • Karl-Heinz Ziegler, ‘The Peace Treaties of the Ottoman Empire with European Christian Powers’ in Randall Lesaffer (ed.), Peace Treaties and International Law in European History: From the End of the Middle Ages to World War I (Cambridge UP 2004) 338-364.

Modern Age (1815-1990)

  • Maartje Abbenhuis, An Age of Neutrals. Great Power Politics, 1815-1914 (Cambridge UP 2014).
  • R.P. Anand, ‘Family of Civilized States and Japan: A Story of Humiliation, Assimilation, Defiance and Confrontation’, Journal of the History of International Law, 5 (2003) 1-76.
  • Eliana Augusti, ‘L’intervento europeo in Oriente nel XIX secolo: storia contesa di un istituto controverso’ in Luigi Nuzzo and Milos Veç (eds.), Constructing International Law. The Birth of a Discipline (Frankfurt: Vittorio Klostermann 2012) 277-330.
  • Giulio Bartolini, ‘The Impact of Fascism on the Italian Doctrine of International Law’, Journal of the History of International Law, 14 (2012) 237-86.
  • Arnulf Becker Lorca, Mestizo International Law. A Global Intellectual History 1842-1933 (Cambridge UP 2014).
  • Lauren Benton and Lisa Ford, Rage for Order. The British Empire and the Origins of International Law 1800-1850 (Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press 2016).
  • Matthew Craven, ‘Colonialism and Domination’, in Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford UP 2012) 862-89.
  • James Crawford, ‘Public International Law in Twentieth-Century England’, in Jack Beatson and Reinhard Zimmermann (eds.), Jurists Uprooted. German-Speaking Emigré Lawyers in Twentieth-Century England (Oxford UP 2004) 681-707.
  • Ignacio de La Rasilla y del Moral, ‘The Fascist Mimesis of Spanish International Law and its Vitorian Aftermath, 1939-1953’, Journal of the History of International Law, 14 (2012) 207-36.
  • James Gathii, ‘Imperialism, Colonialism and International Law,’, Buffalo Law Review, 54 (2007) 1013-66.
  • Isabel V. Hull, A Scrap of Paper. Breaking and Making International Law during the Great War (Ithaca, NY and London: Cornell University Press 2014).
  • Mark W. Janis, America and the Law of Nations 1776-1939 (Oxford UP 2010).
  • Edward Keene, ‘The Treaty-Making Revolution of the Nineteenth Century’, International History Review, 34 (2012) 475-500.
  • David Kennedy, ‘International Law in the Nineteenth Century’, Quinnipiac Law Review, 17 (1998) 99-138.
  • Martti Koskenniemi, The Gentle Civilizer of Nations. The Rise and Fall of International Law 1870-1960 (Cambridge UP 2001).
  • Jan Martin Lemnitzer, Power, Law and the End of Privateering (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan 2014).
  • Warren Lerner, ‘The Historical Origins of the Soviet Doctrine of Peaceful Coexistence’, Law and Contemporary Problems, 29 (1964) 865-970.
  • Lauri Mälksoo, ‘Russia-Europe’, in Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford UP 2012) 764-86.
  • Jenny S. Martinez, The Slave Trade and the Origins of International Human Rights Law (Oxford UP 2012).
  • Samuel Moyn, The Last Utopia. Human Rights in History (Cambridge, MA and London: First Belknap Press 2010).
  • Stephen C. Neff, Justice in Blue and Gray. A Legal History of the Civil War (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press 2010).
  • Luigi Nuzzo, Origini di una Scienza. Diritto internazionale e colonialismo nel XIX secolo (Frankfurt: Vittorio Klostermann 2012).
  • Sundhiya Pahuja, Decolonising International Law. Development, Economic Growth and the Politics of Universality (Cambridge UP 2011).
  • A.W. Brian Simpson, Human Rights and the End of Empire. Britain and the Genesis of the European Convention (Oxford UP 2001).
  • Gerry Simpson, Great Powers and Outlaw States. Unequal Sovereigns in the International Legal Order (Cambridge UP 2004).
  • Casper Sylvest, ‘International Law in Nineteenth-Century Britain’, British Yearbook of International Law, 75 (2004) 9-70.
  • Milos Veç, ‘From the Congress of Vienna to the Paris Peace Treaties of 1919’ in Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford UP 2012) 679-98.
  • Joachim von Bernstoff, The Public International Law Theory of Hans Kelsen (Cambridge UP 2010).
  • John Fabian Witt, ‘A Social History of International Law: Historical Commentary, 1861-1900’ in David L. Sloss, Michael D. Ramsey and William S. Dodge (eds.), International Law in the U.S. Supreme Court. Continuity and Change (Cambridge UP 2011) 164-87.
  • John Fabian Witt, Lincoln’s Code. The Laws of War in American History (New York etc.: Free Press 2012).

Historiography and Methodology

  • R.P. Anand, ‘The Influence of History on the Literature of International Law’,  in Ronald St. J. Macdonald and Douglas M. Johnston (eds.), The Structure and Process of International Law: Essays in Legal Philosophy, Doctrine, and Theory (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1983) 341-80.
  • Arnulf Becker Lorca, ‘Eurocentrism in the History of International Law’, in Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford UP 2012) 1034-57.
  • Anthony Carty, ‘Doctrine versus State Practice’, in Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford UP 2012) 972-96.
  • Matthew Craven: ‘Introduction: International Law and its Histories’ in Matthew Craven, Malgosia Fitzmaurice and Maria Vogiatzi (eds)., Time, History and International Law (Leiden and Boston: Martinus Nijhoff 2007) 1-26.
  • Wilhelm G. Grewe, ‘Vom europäischen zum universellen Völkerrecht. Zur Frage der Revision des "europazentrischen" Bildes der Völkerrechtsgeschichte’, Zeitschrift für ausländische öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht, 42 (1982) 449-79.
  • Nikitas Hatzimihail, ‘Pages of History. Friedrich Juenger and the Historical Consciousness of Modern Private International Law’ in Leonel Pereziento Castro, Tullio Preves and Francesco Seatzu (eds.), Tradition and Innovation of Private International Law at the Beginning of the Third Millennium. Liber in Memoriam of Professor Friedrich K. Juenger (Huntington: Juris Publishing 2006) 81-124.
  • Martti Koskenniemi, ‘Histories of International Law: Dealing with Eurocentrism’, Rechtsgeschichte. Zeitschrift des Max-Planck-Instituts für europäische Rechtsgeschichte, 19 (2011) 152-76.
  • Martti Koskenniemi, ‘A History of International Law Histories’, in Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford UP 2012) 943-71.
  • Randall Lesaffer, ‘Law and History: Law between Past and Present’ in Sanne Taekema and Bart van Klink (eds.), Law and Method. Interdisciplinary Research into Law ((Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2011) 133-152.
  • Anne Orford, ‘In Praise of Description’, Leiden Journal of International Law, 25 (2012) 609-25Anne Orford, ‘On International Legal Method’, London Review of International Law, 1 (2013) 166-97.
  • Yasuaki Onuma, ‘Eurocentrism in the History of International Law’ in Yasuaki Onuma (ed.), A Normative Approach to War. Peace, War, and Justice in Hugo Grotius (Oxford: Clarendon Press 1993) 371-86.
  • Wolfgang Preiser, Die Völkerrechtsgeschichte. Ihre Aufgaben und Methoden (Wiesbaden: Steiner Verlag 1964).
  • Heinhard Steiger, ‘Probleme der Völkerrechtsgeschichte’, Der Staat, 26 (1987) 103-26.
  • Heinhard Steiger, ‘From the International Law of Christianity to the International Law of the World Citizen: Reflections on the Formation of the Epochs of the History of International Law’, Journal of the History of International Law, 3 (2001) 180-93.
  • Paul Vinogradoff, Historical Types of International Law: Lectures Delivered in the University of Leiden (Leiden: Brill 1923).