International Victimology Institute Tilburg

INTERVICT promotes and executes interdisciplinary research that can contribute to a comprehensive, evidence-based body of knowledge on the empowerment and support of victims of crime and abuse of power.

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Finalized PhD Research projects Intervict

2016

Human Rights Framework on Eradicating FGM/C

Researcher

  • M.J. Middelburg

Commissioned by

  • Tilburg Law School

Summary

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is one of the most harmful and widespread traditional practices experienced by women. The international community has recognized FGM/C as a fundamental violation of various human rights by means of numerous international human rights instruments. However, there is no significant decline in the prevalence of FGM/C and it seems that the actual impact of the international human rights framework is limited. Through literature research, legal analysis and empirical study, this research will analyze the international human rights framework and its impact. The aim of this research project is to fully understand why the impact of the human rights framework at the national and community level islimited with regard to FGM/C and which factors influence this impact positively and/or negatively.

2015

Understanding Criminal Victimization at Macro and Micro Levels

Researcher

  • J.N. van Kesteren

Commissioned by

  • INTERVICT

Summary

The central notion of the study is that victim characteristics determine both the prevalence of offenders in a given environment (macro level impact) and the selection by offenders of individuals to be targets of victimization (micro level impact). One of the topics to beaddressed is for example the relationship between migrant status and victimization by hate crimes. The hypothesis will be tested that migrants are not only more likely to be victimizedbyhate crimes but that regions with more migrants show much higher prevalence rates of such crimes. The theory will also look at the dynamic interplay between behavior of victims and offenders at both levels. In response to perceived increased risks victims take more self protection measures. These measures reduce their individual risks to be victimized through reduced personal vulnerability. But if more victims take such measures, this collective action may also dissuade local youngster from becoming offenders in the first place. This will result in reduced crime rates over all and thus further reduce individual risks.

Parenting on the Threshold of Viability:

the impact of preterm birth on parental (4 September 2015)

Researcher

  • H.N. Hoffenkamp

Sponsored by

  • Stichting Achmea Slachtoffer en Samenleving

Summary

Retrospective studies on child abuse found a high incidence of premature births in maltreated children. This has led to the hypothesis that prematurity places an infant at higher risk for maltreatment and neglect. An explanation proposed for the relation between prematurity and adverse parenting is a delay or disturbance in bonding. Subsequently, a disturbance in bonding may predispose to distorted parent-infant interactions, thereby facilitating abusive or neglectful behaviours. With a growing number of preterm births and an alarming number of children victimized by maltreatment, more insight in this process is needed. The first purpose of the current study is to further elucidate the bonding process. The second aim is to examine the effect of a hospital intervention, Video Interaction Guidance, in families with preterm infants to diminish parental stress, enhance parental bonding and coping skills. A Randomized Controlled Trial is being conducted in 8 hospitals in the Netherlands to evaluate the effectiveness of VIG as a preventive intervention. Parents of full term, moderately preterm and extremely preterm are followed during the infant’s first half year of life.

Beyond Ethnic Differences in Child Sexual Abuse

Comparative study into child sexual abuse of youth with a non-western ethnic and native Dutch background  (2 september 2015)

Researcher

  • P. Okur

Financed by

  • NWO

Summary

Sexual abuse among minorities represents a gap in scientific knowledge. In order to draw any meaningful conclusion on the prevalence of varieties of sexual abuse among minors of a non-Western background, and whether ethnicity/culture is a distinguishing variable, comparative research is required.

Trauma-related coping self-efficacy

measurement, predictors and interplay with posttraumatic stress symptoms (18 September 2015)

Researcher

  • M.W.G. Bosmans

Commissioned by

Summary

The coping self-efficacy of victims of traumatic events has been receiving increasing attention. In light of this development, a unique extensive longitudinal study is being conducted among victims of violence, accidents, fires, calamities and disasters. An important part of this study is the validation of a Dutch version ofthe originally English Self-Coping Efficacy List with the aim to provide an instrument that can be used in screening and victim assistance, as well as for future research

At the Center of the margins?

A review of intersectionality in the human rights framework on violence against women

(20 March 2015)

Researcher

  • Lorena Sosa 

2014

Human rights for victims of none-state crime:

Taking victims seriously

(3 December 2014)

Researcher

  • Anna Wergens

Protection of women victim of rape:

Islamic and International legal perspectives

(25 November 2014)

Researcher

  • Hajar Azari

Reparation for Victims of Collateral Damage:

a Normative and Theoretical Inquiry

(29 October 2014)

Researcher

  • Alphonse Muleefu

Do these words give rise to doubts?

Unraveling the effects of delivering a Victim Impact Statement

(29 October 2014)

Researcher

  • Kim Lens

First connections, The impact of preterm birth on mothers and fathers

(19 May 2014)

Researcher

  • Anneke Tooten

2013

'Is anybody playing?

The right to reparation for child vicitms of armed conflict

(7 October 2013)

Researcher

  • Francesca Capone

Invisible Victims?

Ethnic differences in the risk of juvenile violent delinquency of Dutch and Moroccan-Dutch adolescent boys

(20 September 2013)

Researcher

  • Esmah Lahla

Compensation The Victim's Perspective

(8 March 2013)

Researcher

  • J.D.W.E. Mulder

2012

The Heterogeneity of Crime Victims:

Variations in Procedural and Outcome Preferences

(19 November 2012)

Researcher

  • M.S. Laxminarayan

Publication

State Responsibility and Liability for Environmental Damage ...

Caused by Nuclear Accidents

(29 September 2012)

Researcher

  • Sayed Mohamed Mohamed Zeidan 

Kosmopolitische perspectieven ...

Reflecties op 'Human Development' en 'Human Security''

(28 June 2012)

Researcher

  • Ralf Bodelier 

2011

Risky relationships

Victims’ risk of revictimization of intimate partner violence

(9 December 2011)

Researcher

  • K.F. Kuijpers

Publication

2010

Fundamental Rights & Environmental Justice:

Identifying Rights-based Environmental Protection in Europe and the United States

(14 December 2010)

Researcher

  • S.A. Kuchta

Publication

Fertile Grounds:

the Facilitation of Financial Identity theft in the United States and The Netherlands

(10 December 2010)

Researcher

  • N.S. van der Meulen

Publication

Stalking in the Netherlands.

Nature and prevalence of the problem and the effectiveness of anti-stalking measures

(11 June 2010)

Researcher

  • S. van der Aa

Publication

The Burden of Interpersonal Violence

(12 May 2010)

Researcher

  • M.J.J. Kunst

The Cross-Over

An Interdisciplinary approach to the study of victims of crime

(3 February 2010)

Researcher

  • A. Pemberton

Publication

2009

Indigenousness in Africa:

A Contested Framework for Empowerment of Marginalized Ethno-Cultural Communities

(16 December 2009)

Researcher

  • M.F. Ndahinda

Publication

Confidentiality and victim-offender mediation

(27 November 2009)

Researcher

  • R.A.M. van Schijndel

Publication

Na de ramp.

De rol van de overheid bij de (schade-) afwikkeling van rampen vanuit een belangenperspecteif van de slachtoffers.

(9 January 2009)

Researcher

  • V.C. Ammerlaan