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mr.dr. A. Trouwborst

Associate Professor 

Tilburg Law School
Public Law & Governance


Arie Trouwborst's research focuses on international, European and national environmental law, especially wildlife law. Much of his research employs a multidisciplinary approach, combining law with ecology in particular.

He authored various books and numerous journal articles on a range of topics, including large carnivore conservation, fragmentation and connectivity, transboundary conservation, marine protected areas, wilderness protection, seabird conservation, climate change adaptation, migratory species conservation, marine mammal rescue and release, the precautionary principle, hybridization, the polar regions, fisheries bycatch, conservation conflicts, the ecosystem approach, state responsibility, marine litter, and invasive alien species. Trouwborst's recent research output is slightly biased towards creatures equipped with sharp teeth and/or claws, such as bears, wolves, jackals, hyenas, lions, tigers, killer whales and sharks, but also covers species like sandpipers, elephants and rhinoceroses. Much of Trouwborst's research can be accessed through ResearchGate and the Social Science Research Network.

Trouwborst obtained a PhD with distinction from Utrecht University in 2006, with a thesis on the precautionary principle. In 2009 he was awarded a VENI grant under the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) Innovational Research Incentives Scheme, to fund a 3-year research project on international nature conservation law and climate change adaptation. This was followed in 2014 by a VIDI grant under the same scheme, to fund the 5-year project Ius Carnivoris on the conservation and management of European large carnivores (see brief video).

Trouwborst is a member of, inter alia, the Large Carnivore Initiative for Europe (LCIE) and the Working Group on Climate Change of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS). He regularly carries out commissioned research for (inter)national public bodies and non-gouvernmental organizations. For instance, he is a regular consultant for the Council of Europe's Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats.

For his research Trouwborst has been awarded various prizes, and his work has received media coverage in many countries. For an acquaintance with a personal touch, see the interview 'Legal expert comes face to face with brown bear' on the NWO website.


Large Carnivore Initiative for Europe


Principal publications

Click here for a list of publications in PDF format PDF

Last amended: 29 June 2018