Experts & Expertise

Search experts

Which researcher or scientist are you looking for?

Also search for support staff

Search expertise

In which field are you looking for a researcher or scientist?

Your photograph

M.J. Middelburg LLM

PhD researcher�

Tilburg Law School


The title of my Ph.D. research is: The influence of the international human rights framework with regard to Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in Senegal and Kenya.

Summary: FGM/C is one of the most harmful and widespread traditional practices experienced by women in Africa. The international community has recognized FGM/C as a fundamental violation of various human rights by means of numerous international human rights instruments. However, there is no significant decline in the prevalence of FGM/C and it seems that the actual impact of the international human rights framework is limited. Through legal analysis, literature research and an empirical study my PhD research will analyze why the international human rights framework has limited impact and which factors influence this impact positively and/or negatively.

- July 2012:Venice Academy of Human Rights
- June 2013: Pompeu Fabra University (Barcelona)
- June 2013: Panel Discussion, Amsterdam
- August 2013: UNFPA New York

Grants awarded:
- In July 2012, the McKinsey & Company awarded a grant of 5.000 euro for my empirical study in Senegal.
- In July 2013, Tilburg Law School (Tilburg University) awarded a grant of 5.000 euro for my empirical study in Senegal.
- In August 2013, the Alumni Fund of Tilburg University awarded a grant of 5.000 euro for my empirical study in Kenya.

External research projects:
- Victim Support the Netherlands: a study to the National Ombudsman in the Netherlands and the possibilities for the Ombudsman to address victims needs.
- European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE): a study to map the current situation and trends of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in 27 EU Member States and Croatia.
- Scientific Research and Documentation Center (WODC) of the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice: a study to the extension of the Act compensation and damages during disasters and major accidents to include damages related to personal injuries and deaths. 
- UNFPA New York: a study to the Implementation of the International and Regional Human Rights Framework in the Abandonment of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in five African countries (including Burkina Faso, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya and Senegal).

Other tasks/responsibilities:
- Supervision of students' bachelor and master thesis
- Coordinator of the course Principles of Law for PhD students
- Providing guest lectures
- Chair of the PhD Council of Tilburg Law School
- Member of the School of Human Rights Research



Most recent publications

Click here for the list of publications in the Research Portal

Last amended: 11 December 2013