prof. dr. R.E. LeenesHoogleraar
Tilburg Law School
Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT)
Laws on Robots, Laws by Robots, Laws in Robots: Regulating Robot Behaviour by Design
Ronald Leenes & Federica Lucivero, Laws on Robots, Laws by Robots, Laws in Robots: Regulating Robot Behaviour by Design, in Law, Innovation, and Technology, (2014) 6(2) LIT 194?222, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5235/175799188.8.131.52
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Prof.dr. Ronald Leenes (1964) is full professor in regulation by technology at the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (Tilburg University). His personal page is here.
His primary research interests are regulation by (and of) technology, specifically related to privacy and identity management. He is also motivated and trying to understand the effects of profiling, function creep and privacy infringements in general. He currently leads different research teams in the fields of accountability in cloud computing, legal and ethical aspects of robotic technologies, and privacy-enhancing identity management. He is also involved in research in profiling, privacy accidents in the public sector, cyber security, e-government and function creep.
He was a core member of the management team of the EU FP6 PRIME project, the EU FP7 projects PrimeLife and Endorse. He was work package leader in these projects and has contributed significantly to the research within these projects.
Ronald is principal investigator and TILT project coordinator in the EU FP7 project Robolaw which looks at the ethical and legal issues of robotics, human enhancement and neurosciences.
He is also principal investigator and TILT project coordinator in the EU FP7 project A4Cloud, which addresses the accountability gap in cloud computing. His focus here is stakeholder concerns, legal aspects and conceptual modeling.
Since 2012, Ronald is academic director of the Privacy & Identity lab (PI.lab), a joint venture of Tilburg University, Radboud University Nijmegen, TNO, and SIDN.
He has contributed to and edited various deliverables for the EU FP6 Network of Excellence 'Future of IDentity in the Information Society' (FIDIS), and he participated in the Network of Excellence 'Legal Framework for the Information Society' (LEFIS).
He has extensive experience in management of international associations. He was Secretary of IFIP WG 8.5 'Information Systems in Public Administration' and secretary/treasurer of the International Association for Artificial Intelligence and law (IAAIL).
He was member of the programme commission of various international conferences in different fields, such as E-government, AI and Law, and in 2008, the conference "TILTing perspectives on regulating technology'.
Ronald has an extensive international network of top-scholars in Europe, Canada, and the US, both within academia and in industry, which he involves in TILT's work.
Ronald has a background in Public Administration and Public Policy (University of Twente) and has extensive research experience in the fields of Artificial Intelligence and Law, E-Government and since he joined TILT, technology (primarily ICTs) and law.
Ronald is a productive researcher with a large number of international publications in books and (refereed) journals and refereed conference volumes.
He is a member of the Scientific Technical Board of SURF.
His inaugural lecture held on 16 April 2010 entitled: 'Harde lessen: een apologie voor regulering door technologie' (in Dutch) can be watched here.
Ronald held his inaugural lecture on April 16, 2010 (in Dutch).
Most recent publications
PhD: Twente University, 7 January 1999, title: 'Hercules of Karneades, hard cases in recht en rechtsinformatica' (in Dutch), Hercules or Karneades, Hard Cases in Law and Artificial Intelligence and Law'
MA: Twente University, dept of Public Administration, 7 November 1989, 'Knowledge representation issues in Legal Knowledge Based Systems'.
2009 - Full professor, TILT - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society, Tilburg University
2005 - 2009 Associate professor, TILT - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society, Tilburg University
2004 - 2005 Assistant professor, Law Dept. of Tilburg University
1992 - 2004 Assistant professor, University of Twente, dept of Public administration
1989 - 1992 PhD student, University of Twente, dept of Public administration
Most recent publications
- EU FP7: A4Cloud (Oct 2012 - Feb 2016): A4Cloud is about enabling Cloud and IT service providers to act as responsible stewards for the data of their customers and users. The current absence of accountability frameworks for distributed IT services makes it difficult for users to understand, influence and determine how their service providers honour their obligations. A4Cloud will create solutions to support users in deciding and tracking how their data is used by cloud service providers.
- EU FP7 RoboLaw (Mar 2012- Mar 2014): The main objective of the research in this project is to investigate the ways in which emerging technologies in the field of (bio-) robotics (e.g. bionics, neural interfaces and nanotechnologies) have a bearing on the content, meaning and setting of the law. In the RoboLaw project the ways in which regulation (both in terms of soft and hard law) may be affected by, and even in need of adjustment in light of, advances in robotics, with a special focus on human enhancement will be researched. To do so the current state-of-the-art of legislation and regulation pertaining to robotics will be analysed, and the areas of regulation that are in need of adjustment or revision due to the advent of emerging robotics technologies will be identified. Moreover, the interrelations between technical, legal and moral norms in this field will be studied, in order to define what could be the best balance between them, and to promote a technically feasible, yet also ethically and legally sound basis for future robotics developments. Uncovering ethical values embedded into robotics technologies, and ethical consequences arising from their use, is another key element of this research. The most important outcome of the RoboLaw project will consist of a "White Paper on Regulating Robotics", containing regulatory guidelines for the European Commission, in order to establish of a solid framework of 'robolaw' in Europe.
- EU FP7 ENDORSE: ENDORSE aims to provide a Legal Technical Framework for Privacy Preserving Data Management. The output of the project will be an open source toolset to provide guarantees to Data Controllers as well as Data Subjects that personal data is being handled in legally compliant manner. The project will also produce a certification methodology to help increase trustworthiness in ICT products with respect to privacy and data protection.
- EU FP7 Virtuoso (2010-2012): Virtuoso aims to provide the security authorities with an advanced integrated toolkit, developed around an "open" architecture to exploit open source information for decision support. Providing at each step actionable, rated, validated information.Integrated in an open framework in order to accept existing or future tools. Compliant with legal and ethical issues.
- EU FP7 PrimeLife: socio-cultural and legal aspects of privacy-enhancing identity management, social networks and privacy throughout life, current research (2008-2011).
- EU FP6 project PRIME (Privacy and Identity management): socio-cultural aspects of privacy-enhancing identity management, current research (2004-2008).
- EU FP6 Network of Excellence project FIDIS: ID-fraud; identity management systems; profiling, current research (2004-2009). NWO Netwerken voor Netwerken: Identity management in citizen-government interactions, current research.
- Layla, the Layman's Legal Assistent: online dispute resolution mechanism, current research;
- 'Code & Privacy',ITeR project 'Code as Code', 2005.
Direct and indirect funding
- Onderzoek naar het gebruik van het Burgerservicenummer (BSN) binnen de keten van de elektronische dienstverlening tussen de overheid en bedrijven. Commissioned by the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MinEZ), 2010.
- BurgerServiceCode: legal status of Burger Service Code, current research. Compound identities: a study on the consequences of the creation and use of compound identities by public and private agences, current research.
- Converging Technologies: prospective analysis of the meaning of converging technologies for the Rechtstaat, and law enforcement. Commissioned by the Ministry of Justice, 2007.
- Hard to Get: copyright licenses for collective bargaining organisations. Commissioned by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, 2005.
- Constitutional Rights and New Technologies: Comparative research regarding Constitutional Rights and New Technologies in Belgium, Canada, Germany, France, the USA and Sweden. Commisioned by the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, 2007.
- Evaluation of the Central Server Building Permits. Commisioned by ZenC & City of Rotterdam,2004;
- Data sharing in law enforcement. Commisioned by the European AGIS project, 2004;
Ronald was a visiting scholar at the Law Faculty of the University of Ottawa, Canada in October-November 2007.
Dr. Ronald Leenes was a member of the Advisory Board Societal Issues of ICT-Regie (Dutch) (2007-2010)
Currently, I supervise the following PhD students:
- Dusko Martic, Cloud Computing for Online Dispute Resolutions in the EU.
- Michael Dizon, Understanding networked legality: a socio-technical study of the maker movement
- Paulan Korenhof, The right to be forgotten.
- Eric Lachaud, Certification schemes and privacy compliance.
- mr. Arnold Roosendaal, Digitale personae beschermen om de privacy van individuen te beschermen
- mr. Rachel Marbus, (Don't) Look at me! I want to manage my online ID(eas) On managing personal identity in an online social world
- Hans Buitelaar, PrimeLife project
- ir. Martin Pekarek, privacy-enhancing e-ticketing solutions using location-based services.
- dr. Jelle van Veenen, Getting to :-), thesis defended 15 June 2011.
- dr. Marcel Hoogwout, De rationaliteit van de klantgerichte overheid', thesis defended 25 Sep 2010.
- Tallinn (Estonia), Too close to my skin, tracking and facial recognition in social media, 10 Jan 2013.
- Amsterdam, Function creep in the private sector, APC2012 conference, 10 Oct 2012.
- Alphen aan den Rijn, Stop en denk na, Vrienden van Bobbenhage, 11 Oct 2012.
- Groningen, "Framing techno-regulation - on being caught between persuasion and discipline", 7 Dec 2011.
- Utrecht, "Privacy online - tja?", JSVU congres, Utrecht, 18 november 2011.
- Den Haag, "Synergie - Privacy & Identity lab", ECP-EPN jaarcongres, Scheveningen, 17 november 2011.
- Amsterdam, "Gezichtsherkenning - vluchten kan niet meer". NNvIR jaarvergadering, Amsterdam, 17 november 2011.
- Amsterdam, "The Convergence: How We Help Build the Surveillance Society", LiSS working group 2/DigIDeas project workshop happening in Amsterdam November 7-9
- The Hague, "national eID in the Netherlands - transparent citizens or privacy first?", Identity-Next 2011, the Hague, 9 November 2011.
- Paris, "Putting the horse behind the wagon? Personal data management, user-control, trust and privacy", The Future of European Electronic Identity Management, Digital Enlightenment Forum, 31 October 2011.
- Chicago, 'Who Needs Facebook or Google+ Anyway - Privacy and Sociality in Social Network Sites', Seventh ACM Workshop on Digital Identity Management (DIM 2011), 21 October 2011. http://www.nttmcl.com/dim2011/
- Ghent, 'Who needs Facebook anyway: privacy & sociality in Social Network Sites' at the 12th Joint IFIP TC6 and TC11 Conference on Communications and Multimedia Security - CMS 2011 in Ghent, Belgium (http://www.cms2011.net/program.shtml), 19 October 2011.
- Utrecht, The implications for security and crime of converging technologies in a workshop on 'Technology, innovation, and subversion' organised by the public prosecutor's office, 13 October 2011.
- Tilburg, 'Cheating with implants', presented at the conference Technologies on the stand ? Legal and ethical issues of neuroscience and robotics, Tilburg 11 April, 2011.
- Utrecht, 'Privacy in de wolken, een wazig onderwerp?', SURF Academy, 24 March 2011.
- Amersfoort, 'Location based surveillance', presented at the TLS science forum, 9 March 2011.
- The Hague, 'Privacy in de wolken, een wazig onderwerp?', SURF IBO conferentie, 10 February 2011.
- The Hague, 'Techno regulation, discipline by any other name?', presented at the workshop 'Regulation by Technology', Academie voor wetgeving, 4 February 2011.
- Eindhoven, 'Privacy in de wolken, een wazig onderwerp?', Getronics Cloud Innovation Board Eindhoven, 20 January 2011.
- Nijmegen, 'Who needs Facebook anyway? privacy & sociality in Social Network Sites', invited keynote at the WISSEC 2010 conference, 29 November 2010.
- Den Haag, Regulering door technologie, voor de Academie voor Wetgeving, 15 dec 2010.
- Nijmegen, Who needs Facebook anyway: Privacy and Sociability in social network sites, 5th Benelux Workshop on Information and System Security, 29 Nov 2010.
- Sophia Antipolis, Clique in 10 minutes, Smart University, Sophia Antipolis, 21 Sep 2010.
- Barcelona, 'Privacy in the Cloud, a Misty Topic?', 6th Internet, Law and Politics Conference, Open University of Catalonia, School of Law and Political Science, and held in Barcelona, Spain, on July 7th and 8th, 2010
- Delft, 'Sociale netwerken die voldoen aan normen', ECP-EPN seminar 'Identiteitsmanagement: kostbaar vertrouwen', 17 June 2010.
- Tilburg, dagvoorzitter (11 mei) van het Landelijk
R.E.Leenes teaches the following subjects:
- GLB: Technology and Society(620275)More information
- Intellectual Property and Privacy(JM0160)More information
Teaching activities elsewhere
- member of the Scientific Technical Committee of SURF (Wetenschappelijk Technische Raad SURF)
- member of the editorial committee of Law, Innovation and Technology
- Secretary of the Jurix Foundation, May 2000 - Feb 2004.
- Board member of the Jurix Foundation.
- Senior researcher of the Netherlands Institute for Governance (NIG).
- Reviewer for the Dutch Science Foundation (NWO)
- Reviewer for the Flemish Federal Scientific Council, 2005
PC member/Reviewer of numerous international conferences, such as:
- Seventh ACM Workshop on Digital Identity Management (DIM 2011)
- CPDP - Computers, Privacy and Data Protection conferences, annually held in Brussels
- IFIP SEC 2010, 20-23 Sept 2010, Brisbane - Security & Privacy ? Silver Linings in the Cloud
- IFIP IDMAN 2010
- ISGIG 2009 - the Internet of the Future
- IFIP/FIDIS/PrimeLife Summerschools, 2009, 2008, 2007
- KMGov 2004, 2003
- Dexa 2004, 2003
- IRMA 2004, 2003
Room M 708
PO Box 90153 5000 LE Tilburg
|Phone||+31 13 466 3655|
|Secretary||+31 13 466 8199|
|Fax||+31 13 466 3750|
Tilburg Law School
Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT)