Tilburg Law School

Tilburg Law School offers highly-ranked national and international education and research in law and public administration.

Towards a regulatory framework for climate smart agriculture

Between now and 2050, there will be a sharp increase in the demand of agricultural products due to an increase of the world’s population, the rise in global calorie intake due to greater affluence, and the production of bio-fuels. 

The increase in agricultural production will be accompanied by an increase in the emission of greenhouse gasses. Agriculture is responsible for 30% of global greenhouse emissions. Agriculture is not only a major cause of climate change but in many regions of the world, it is also seriously impacted by climate change. In many regions, produce will be negatively affected because of shifts in water availability, temperature shifts, and changes in the occurrence of pests.

Policy documents, mostly by international institutions, have endorsed climate smart agriculture (CSA) as a means to achieve production growth, while at the same reducing the emission of greenhouse gasses and adapting the agricultural sector to the changing climate. However, it is as yet unclear through what legal mechanism CSA can be achieved.