Publications history of international law in the spotlight
Andrew W. Devereux
The Other Side of Empire. Just War in the Mediterranean and the Rise of Early Modern Spain (Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press 2020).
- (from the dust cover) Via rigorous study of the legal arguments Spain developed to justify its acts of war and conquest, this book illuminates Spain's expansionary ventures in the Mediterranean in the late-fifteenth and early-sixteenth centuries. The author explores an important yet hitherto unstudied connection between the rationales that Spanish jurists and theologians developed for their undertakings in the Mediterranean and in the Americas.
Journal of the History of International Law (22) 2-3 (2020)
- Anne Peters, Raphaël Schäfer and Randall Lesaffer, 'Politics and the histories of international law: an introduction to the special issue', 197-204;
- Jakob Catz Kogan, 'A history of international law in the vernacular', 205-217;
- Hendrik Simon, 'Theorizing order in the shadow of war. The politics of international legal knowledge and the justification of force in modernity', 218-245;
- Parvathi Menon, 'Edmund Burke and the ambivalence of protection for slaves: between humanity and control', 246-268;
- Maria Adele Carrai, 'The politics of international law in the late Qing era: William A.P. Martin and a history of international law for China', 269-305;
- Madeleine Herren, 'Strength through diversity? The paradox of extraterritoriality and the history of the odds ones out', 306-328;
- Sebastian M. Spitra, 'Civilisation, protection, restitution: a critical history of international cultural heritage law in the 19th and 20th century', 329-354;
- Etienne Henry, 'The road to collective security: Soviet Russia, the League of Nations and the emergence of the just contra bellum in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution (1917-1924)', 355-384;
- Deborah Whitehall, 'Three wartime textbooks of international law', 385-420;
- Julia Bühner, 'Histories hidden in the shadow. Vitoria and the international ostracism of Francoist Spain', 421-445;
- Michel Erpelding: 'International law and the European Court of Justice: the politics of avoiding history', 446-471;
- Jean d'Aspremont, 'Turntablism in the history of international law', 472-496;
- Book review of Paolo Amorosa, Rewriting the history of international law, by Ignacio de la Rasilla, 497-502;
- Book review of Khaled Bashir, Islamic international law, by Dominique Gaurier, 503-505.
Statelesness. A Modern History (Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press 2020).
- (from the dust cover): Two world wars left millions stranded in Europe. The collapse of empires and the rise of independent states in the twentieth century produced an unprecedented number of people without national belonging and with nowhere to go. Mira Siegelberg's innovative history weaves together ideas about laws and politics, rights and citizenship, with the intimate plight of stateless persons, to explore how and why the problem of statelessness compelled a new understanding of the international order in the twentieth century and beyond (...).
Jus Gentium. Journal of International Legal History (5) 2 (2020)
- J.D. Gordan III, 'When law failed: the admiralty sessions at the Old Bailey, 7-8 June 1792', 337-72;
- O.V. Kresin, 'Ukrainian statehood in the mid-seventeenth to early eighteenth centuries in treaties with foreign states: principal legal models', 373-430;
- N. Fujinami, 'Arbitrating capitulations: small versus barbarous in the 1901 Greco-Ottoman consular convention', 431-50;
- Symposium: Archives of international law: Histories of International Lawyers between Trajectories, Practices, and Discourses, edited by Dzovinar Kévonian and Philippe Rygiel;
- Dzovinar Kévonian and Philippe Rygiel, 'Archives of international lawyers: towards a social history of international legal practice', 453-66;
- G. Mouralis, 'Very discreet experts: the International Association of Penal Law and the Nuremberg moment', 467-98;
- Arthur Eyffinger, 'Private files and personal contacts: Tobias Asser, just another case study', 499-527;
- Pilar Gonzalez Bernaldo de Quiros, 'Estansilao Zeballos and the Argentine doctrine of human private law: a micro-social approach to the history of private international law', 529-64;
- Dzovinar Kévonian and Philippe Rygiel, 'Cross-referencing archives and oral sources: transcript of a filmed interview with Jean Salmon', 565-92;
- V.S. Ivanenko, 'Boris Nolde: international lawyer of imperial Russia and the Russia abroad', 593-609;
- Alexander Williams, 'Chains of law: postwar justice in the Andaman Islands, Singapore, and Tokyo, 1945-1948', 611-32;
- Mohsen Nikbin, 'The first published treaty collection in Persia: an introduction', 633-40;
- O.V. Tarasov, 'Fragments from the 1844 Stepanov Manuscript on the 'Law of Nations and Diplomacy": from the legacy of the Kharkiv School of International Law', 641-48;
- Manuscript of T.F. Stepanov "Law of Nations and Diplomacy', 649-68;
- Peter Macalister-Smith and Joachim Schwietzke, 'A brief calendar of state practice in Shandong: 1897-1924: Part Two (1905-1909): ports and railways', 669-723;
- In memoriam: Van Vechten (Johnny) Veeder (1948-2020), 725-7.
Giulio Bartolini (ed.)
A History of International Law in Italy (The History and Theory of International Law; Oxford: Oxford University Press 2020)
- (from the dust cover) This volume critically assesses the history of international law studies in the Italian context. It addresses certain basic issues, including: How such studies have been impacted by global dynamics, in terms of theories, methodologies, or professional networks, and by context-dependent solutions based on local features, through a constant process of attrition and cross-fertilization: The extent to which historical and political turning points have influenced such studies, when scholars have been part of broader academic and public debates or even active participants in the role of legal advisers or politicians; Whether international law has been used - or misused - by relevant actors in such context. Bringing together scholars specialized in international law and legal history, this volume first provides a historical examination of the theoretical legal analysis produced in the Italian context, exploring its main features and dissident voices. The second section assesses the impact on international law studies of key historical and political events involving Italy, both international and domestic, and, conversely, how such events have been influenced by international law evaluations. Finally, a concluding section places the preceding analysis within a broader and contemporary perspective.
Journal of the History of International Law (22) 1 (2020)
- Philipp Glahé, 'The Heidelberg circle of jurists and its struggle against allied jurisdiction: amnesty-lobbyism and impunity-demands for national socialist war criminals (1949-1955)', 1-44;
- Focus section 'Law of Nations in the Long Eighteenth Century'
- Raphaël Cahen, Frederik Dhondt and Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina, 'Training, ideas and practices: the law of nations in the long eighteenth century: an introduction to the focus section', 45-49;
- Zülâl Muslu, 'Language and power: the dragoman as link in the chain between the law of nations and the Ottoman Empire', 50-74;
- Alice Bairoch de Sainte-Marie, 'La conception des dévoirs du négociateur en Nouvelle-France: héritage métropolitain ou cas particulier?', 75-100;
- Patrick Milton, 'The mutual guarantee of the Peace of Westphalia in the law of nations and its impact on European diplomacy', 101-125;
- Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina, 'Transforming the law of nations: the case of the eighteenth century Italian peninsula', 126-146;
- Victor Simon, 'La dignité impériale des rois de France en Orient: titulatures et traductions dans la diplomatie franco-ottomane', 147-163;
- Dante Fedele, 'Droit et histoire dans la formation diplomatique d'après les écrits sur l'ambassadeur et l'art de négocier (XVIIe-début XVIIIe siècle)', 164-181;
- Book review of David M. Crowe, Stalin's Soviet Justice; Show Trials, War Crimes Trials, and Nuremberg, by Lauri Mälksoo, 183-186;
- Book review of Rose Parfitt, The Process of International Legal Reproduction; Inequality, Historiography, Resistance, by Jessie Hohmann, 187-190;
- Book review of Leonard Smith, Sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference, by Marcus Payk, 191-195.
Grotiana New Series (41) 1 (2020)
- Dossier Contract (guest editor Wim Decock)
- Wim Decock, 'Hugo Grotius's views on consent, contract and the Christian commonwealth - Introductory remarks', 1-12;
- Orazio Condorelli, 'Grotius's doctrine of alliances with infidels and the idea of respublica christiana', 13-39;
- Giovanni Chiodi, 'The binding force of unilateral promises in the ius commune before Grotius', 40-58;
- Sören Koch, 'Grotius's impact on the Scandinavian theory of contract law', 59-87;
- Paolo Astorri, 'Grotius's contract theory in the works of his German commentators: first explorations', 88-107;
- Sydney Penner, 'Making use of the testimonies: Suarez and Grotius on natural law', 108-136;
- Mark Somos and Joshua Smeltzer, 'Vitoria, Suarez, and Grotius: James Brown Scott's enduring revival', 137-162;
- Christoph Stumpf, 'Consent and the ethics of international law: revisiting Grotius's system of states in a secular setting', 163-176:
- Ivo German, 'Nicolaus Ignaz Köningsmann: natural law in Prague before 1752', 177-197;
- Jan Stievermann, 'Admired adversary: wrestling xith Grotius the exegete in Cotton Mather's Biblia Americana (1693-1728)', 198-236;
- Book review of Anna Stilz, Territorial sovereignty. A Philosophical Orientation, by Tom Sparks, 237-245;
- Book review of David Kromhout and Adri Offenberg, Hugo Grotius's Remonstrantie of 1615 by Joke Spaans, 246-250;
- Book review of Markus M. Totzcek, Die politischen Gesetze des Mose: Entstehung und Einflüsse der politica-judaica-Literatur in der frühen Neuzeit by Sina Rauschenbach, 251-254.
War and Peace. Alberico Gentili and the Early Modern Law of Nations (Studies in the History of International Law 14; Leiden and Boston: Brill/Nijhoff 2020).
- (from the back cover) This treatise investigates the emergence of the early modern law of nations focusing on Alberico Gentili's contribution to the same. A religious refugee and Regius Professor at the University of Oxford, Alberico Gentili (1552-1608) lived in difficult times of religious wars and political persecution. He discussed issues that were topical in his lifetime and remain so today, including the clash of civilizations, the conduct of war, and the maintenance of peace. His idealism and political pragmatism constitute the principal reasons for the continued interest in his work (...)
David M. Lantigua
Infidels and Empires in a New World Order. Early Modern Spanish Contributions to International Legal Thought (Cambridge Studies in Law and Christianity; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2020).
- (from the back cover) Before international relations in the West, there were Christian-infidel relations. Infidels and Empires in a New World Order decenters the dominant story of international relations beginning with Westphalia in 1648 by looking a century earlier to the Spanish imperial debate at Valladolid addressing the conversion of native peoples of the Americas. In addition to telling this crucial yet overlooked story from the colonial margins of Western Europe, this book examines the Anglo-Iberian Atlantic to consider how the ambivalent status of the infidel other under natural law and the law of nations culminating at Valladolid shaped subsequent international relations in explicit but mostly obscure ways. From Hernán Cortés to Samuel Purchas, and Bartolomé de las Casas to New England Puritans, a host of unconventional colonial figures enter into conversation with Francisco de Vitoria, Hugo Grotius, and John Locke to reveal astonishing religious continuities and dissonances in early modern international legal thought with important implications for contemporary global society.
Gabriela A. Frei
Great Britain, International Law, & the Evolution of Maritime Strategic Thought, 1856-1914 (Oxford; Oxford University Press 2020).
- (from the dust cover) Frei addresses the interaction between international maritime law and maritime strategy in a historical context, arguing that both international law and maritime strategy are based on long-term state interests. As the predominant sea power in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Great Britain shaped the relationship between international law and maritime strategy like no other power. This study explores how Great Britain used international maritime law as an instrument of foreign policy to protest its strategic and economic interests, and how maritime strategic thought evolved in parallel to the development of international legal norms (...)
William A. Schabas
The Trial of the Kaiser (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2018).
- (from the dust cover) During the Peace Conference [of Paris], international lawyers gathered for the first time to debate international criminal justice. They recommended trial of the Kaiser by an international tribunal for war crimes and the Americans relented, agreeing to trial for a 'supreme offence against international morality'. However, the Kaiser fad fled to the Netherlands where he obtained asylum, and though the Allies threatened a range of measures if the former Emperor was not surrendered, the Dutch refused and the demands were dropped in March 1920. This book (...) sheds light on perhaps the most important international trial that never was. Schabas draws on numerous primary sources hitherto unexamined in published work, including transcripts which vividly illuminate this period of international law making. As such, he has written a book which constitutes a history of the very beginnings of international criminal justice (...)
Jus Gentium. Journal of International Legal History (5) 1 (2020)
- David K.C. Huang and Nigel N.T. Li, 'Bu-Fu-Zhou: A Lesson from Ancient China: Denegeration of the Institution of Zhou from Constitution to International Law on to Anarchy', 7-3;
- Sean Morris, 'The Private Foundations of International Law: Intellectual Property Rights and Pashukanis', 37-123;
- O.V. Kresin, 'Ukrainian Statehood in the Mid-Seventeenth to Early Eighteenth Centuries in Treaties with Foreign States: Principal Legal Methods (Part One)', 125-160;
- V.S. Ivanenko, 'Aleksandr Pilenko: International Law and Invention Law in Russia', 161-177;
- Moshen Nikbin, 'On the Origins of the Earliest Lecture on International Law in Persia, 179-183;
- William E. Butler, 'Thomas Baty: Legal Adviser to the Government of Japan', 185-203;
- Thomas Baty, 'Enemy Allegiance, Domicile, and 'House of Trade"', 205-269;
- Peter Macalister-Smith and Joachim Schwietzke, 'A Brief Calendar of State Practice for Shandong: 1897-1914; Part One (1897-1904): Open Door to China', 271-314;
- Review of Jean Allain (ed.), The Last Waltz of the Law of Nations: A Translation of the 1803 Edition of the Institutions of Natural Law and the Law of Nations by Joseph-Mathias Gérard de Rayneval by William E. Butler, 315-318;
- Review of Encyclopedia of International Law (Kiev, 2014-2019) by William E. Butler, 319-320.
Ancient Legal Thought. Equity, Justice and Humaneness from Hammurabi and the Pharaohs to Justinian and the Talmud (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2019)
- (from the back cover) This is a study of what constituted legality and the role of law in ancient societies. Investigating and comparing legal codes and legal thinking in the ancient societies of Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China, Greece, the Roman Republic, the Roman Empire, and of the ancient Rabbis, this volume examines how people used law to create stable societies. Starting with Hammurabi's Code, this volume also analyzes the law of the pharaohs and the codes of the ancient rabbis and of the Roman Emperor Justinian. Focusing on key concept of justice, equity and humaneness, the status of women and slaves, and the idea of criminality and of war and peace, no other book attempts to examine such diverse legal systems and legal thinking from the ancient world.
Journal of the History of International Law 21 (4) 2019
- Dimitri Van den Meerssche, 'International law as insulation - The case of the World Bank in the decolonization era', 459-484.
- Fernando Pérez Godoy, 'The co-creation of imperial logic in South American legal history', 485-517.
- Monica Garcia-Salmones Rovira, 'The impasse of human rights: a note on human rights, natural right and continuities in international law', 518-562.
- Leonard V. Smith, 'Sovereignty under the League of Nations Mandate: the Jurists' Debates', 563-587.
- Review of Marcus M. Payk, Frieden durch Recht? Der Aufstieg des modernen Völkerrechts und der Friedensschluss nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg, by Hendrik Simon, 589-594.
- Review of Brian P. Owensby and Richard J. Ross (eds.), Justice in a New World: Negotiating Legal Intelligibility in British, Iberian and Indigenous America, by Daniel S. Alleman, 595-599.
- Review of Michel Erpelding, Le droit international antiesclavagiste des 'nations civilisées' (1815-1945), by Anne-Charlotte Martineau, 600-605.
Grotiana New Series (40) (2019)
- Gustaaf van Nifterik, ‘Observations on the Legal Observations‘, 1-6.
- Joe Sampson, ‘The Limits of Natural Law: Liability for Wrongdoing in the Inleidinge‘, 7-27.
- Alberto Clerici, ‘An ‘Embellisher’ of Grotius? Self-Preservation and the Right to Resist in Willem Van der Muelen (1659–1739)‘, 29-48.
- Jana Engelbrechtová, ‘Changing Conservative Thinking in a Jesuit University. The Reception of Grotius in Olomouc‘, 49-75.
- Francesca Iurlaro, ‘Divine Decrees and Human Choices: Grotius on the Law of Fate and Punishment’, 76-101.
- Luke Glanville, ‘Grotius and the Marginalization of Cosmopolitan Duties‘, 102-122.
- Laetitia Ramelet, ‘Political Consent, Promissory Fidelity and Rights Transfers in Grotius‘, 123-145.
- Raphael Ribeiro, ‘Hugo Grotius and Samuel Pufendorf on Last Wills and Testaments’, 146-164.
- Ioannis D. Evrigenis, ‘Piracy and the Origins of Universal Jurisdiction: On Stranger Tides?, written by Mark Chadwick’, 165-172.
- Mark Somos, ‘The Unseen History of International Law: A Census Bibliography of Hugo Grotius’s De iure belli ac pacis‘, 173-179.
Alfred H.A. Soons (ed.)
The 1713 Peace of Utrecht and its Enduring Effects (Nova et Vetera Iuris Gentium 31; Leiden and Boston: Brill/Nijhoff 2019).
- (from the back cover) This book presents an interdisciplinary collection of contributions marking the occasion of the tercentenary of the Peace of Utrecht. The chapters examine the enduring effects of the peace treaties concluded at Utrecht in 1713 from the perspective of international law, history and international relations, with cross-cutting themes: the European balance of power, the relationship to colonial regimes and trade monopolies; and ideas and ideals; the development of the international legal order. With contributions by Peter Beeuwkes, Stella Ghervas, Martti Koskenniemi, Randall Lesaffer, Paul Meerts, Isaac Nakhimovsky, Sundhya Pahuja, Koen Stapelbroek, Benno Teschke and Jaap de Wilde.
Matthew Craven, Sundhya Pahuja and Gerry Simpson
International Law and the Cold War (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2020).
- (from the back cover) This book is the first to examine the relationship between the Cold War and international law. The authors adopt a variety of creative approaches - in relation to events and fields such as nuclear war, environmental protection, the Suez Crisis and Lumumba assassination - in order to demonstrate the many ways in which international law acted upon the Cold War and in turn show how contemporary international law is an inheritance of the Cold War. Their innovative research traces the connections between the Cold War and contemporary legal constructions of the nation-state, the environment, the third world and the refugee; and between law, technology, science, history, literature, arts and politics.
Rewriting the History of the Law of Nations. How James Brown Scott Made Francisco de Vitoria the Founder of International Law (The History and Theory of International Law; Oxford University Press 2019).
- (from the dust cover) In the interwar years, international lawyer James Brown Scott wrote a series of works on the history of his discipline. He made the case that the foundation of modern international law rested not, as most assumed, with the seventeenth-century Dutch thinker Hugo Grotius, but with sixteenth-century Spanish theologian Francisco de Vitoria. Far from being an antiquarian assertion, the Spanish origin narrative placed the inception of international law in the context of the discovery of America, rather than in the European wars of religion. The recognition of equal rights of native Americans by Vitoria was the pedigree on which Scott built a progressive international law. This was responsive to the rise of the United States as the leading global power and developments in international organization such as the creation of the League of Nations. This book described the Spanish origin project in context, relying on Scott's biography, changes in the self-understanding of the international legal profession, as well as larger social and political trends in the US and global history (...)
Journal of the History of International Law 21 (3) 2019
- Si Jin Oh, 'Resolving the misunderstood historical order: a Korean perspective on the historical tributary order in East Asia', 341-377;
- Nicolas Carrillo-Santarelli and Carolina Olarte-Bacares, 'From swords to swords: the intersection of geopolitics and law, and the subtle expansion of international law in the consolidation of the independence of Latin American republics', 378-420;
- Tomoko Akami, 'Divide and then preside: dilemma of the first Asian president of the Permanent Court of International Justice in the age of empires: a review essay of Yanagihara Masaharu and Shinohara Hatsue eds, Adachi Mineichiro (2017)', 421-442;
- Book review of Marco Duranti, The Conservative Human Rights Revolution: European Identity, Transnational Politics, and the Origins of the European Convention, by Dalia Palombo, 443-449;
- Book review of Leora Bilsky, The Holocaust, Corporations, and the Law of Unfinished Business, by Nadia Bernaz, 450-453;
- Book review of Jennifer Pitts, Boundaries of the International: Law and Empire, by Casper Sylvest, 450-457.
Maria Adele Carrai
Sovereignty in China. A Genealogy of a Concept since 1840 (Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law; Cambridge University Press 2019)
- In this book, Maria Adele Carrai maps the semantic shifts in the understanding of sovereignty by Chinese governments and leading scholars since the days of the reception and appropriation of Western international law during the Opium Wars to the present day. The book, which is written in a very engaging and clear fashion, provides the reader with a compass to understand recent and current discourses of international and constitutional policies operated by the Chinese state by explaining the different layers of semantic history that inspire it. It is an indispensable read for anybody who wants to gain a grasp of the geopolitics and strategical use of international law by the PRC, - R.L.
Inge van Hulle and Randall Lesaffer (eds.)
International Law in the Long Nineteenth Century (1776-1914). From the Public Law of Europe to Global International Law? (Studies in the History of International Law; Leiden and Boston: Brill/Nijhoff 2019)
- (from the back cover) This collection gathers ten studies that reflect the ever-growing variety of themes and approaches that scholars from different disciplines bring to the historiography of international law in the period. Three themes are explored: 'International Law and Revolution' which reappraises the revolutionary period as crucial to understanding the dynamics of international order and law in the nineteenth century. In 'International Law and Empire', the traditional subject of nineteenth-century imperialism is tackled from the perspective of both theory and practice. Finally, 'The Rise of Modern international Law' covers less familiar aspects of the formation of modern international law as a self-standing discipline.
Gregory M. Reichberg
Thomas Aquinas on War and Peace (Cambridge University Press 2017)
- The author of this monograph, Gregory Reichberg, has previously published collections of excerpts in English translation of texts from the intellectual history of just war thinking. In this monograph, he analysis Thomas Aquinas' just war doctrine against the backdrop of his general ethical and legal theory. The book includes detailed studies of Aquinas' doctrines of legitimate authority, punitive war, self-defense and preventive self-defense and unilateral v. bilateral justice. He places Aquinas within the long-term history of Christian just war doctrine, from Gratian to the present - R.L.,
Christopher R. Rossi
Whiggish International Law. Elihu Root, the Monroe Doctrine, and International Law in the Americas (Studies in the History of International Law; Leiden and Boston: Brill/Nijhoff 2019)
- (from the back cover) International law's turn to history in the Americas receives invigorated refreshment with Christopher Rossi's adaptation of the insightful and inter-disciplinary teachings of the English School and Cambridge contextualists to problems of hemispheric methodology and historiography. Rossi sheds new light on abridgments of history and the propensity to construct and legitimize whiggish understandings of international law based on simplified tropes of liberal and postcolonial treatments of the Monroe Doctrine. Central to his history is the retelling of the Monroe Doctrine by its supreme early twentieth century interlocutor, Elihu Root and othe like-minded internationalists.
Victim Reparation under the Ius Post Bellum. An Historical and Normative Perspective (Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law; Cambridge University Press 2019)
- This book offers an analysis of the historical practice of granting reparations to victims of war in European and Western history from the 17th century to the early 20th century. Largely based on archival sources, the authors maps and discusses some key examples of victim reparation which mark the shifting normative paradigms and theoretical assumptions underlying these practices. The book ends with two chapters that survey more recent evolutions and assesses those on the light of lesson learned from the past, - R.L.
Journal of the History of International Law (21) 2 (2019)
- Special issue on Revisiting state socialist approaches to international criminal and humanitarian law, featuring
- Raluca Grosecu and Ned Richardson-Little, 'Revisiting state socialist approaches to international criminal and humanitarian law: an introduction', 161-180;
- Giovanni Mantilla, 'The protagonism of the USSR and socialist states in the revision of international humanitarian law', 181-211;
- Sonja Dolinsek and Philippa Hetherington, 'Socialist internationalism and decolonizing moralities in the UN anti-trafficking regime, 1947-1954', 211-238;
- Raluca Grosecu, 'State socialist endeavours for the non-applicability of statutory limitations to international crimes: historical roots and current implications', 239-269;
- Ned Richardson-Little, 'The drug war in a land without drugs: East Germany and the socialist embrace of international narcotics law', 270-298;
- Tamas Hoffmann, 'Crimes against the people - a sui generis socialist international crime', 299-329;
- Book review of Stefan Kadelbach, Thomas Kleinlein and David Roth-Isigkeit (eds.), System, Order and International Law: The Early History of International Legal Thought from Machiavelli to Hegel, by Claire Vergerio, 331-335;
- Book review of Svenja Goltermann, Opfer - Die Wahrnehmung von Krieg und Gewalt in der Moderne, by Milos Vec, 336-340.
Journal of the History of International Law (21) 1 (2019)
- Lauri Mälksoo, 'ONUMA Yasuaki (1946-2018)', 1-5;
- Lauren Benton, 'Beyond anachronism: histories of international law and global legal politics', 7-40;
- Ville Kari, 'Freebooters and free traders: English colonial prize jurisdiction in the West Indies 1655-1670', 41-70;
- Daniele Ricardo Quiroga-Villamarin, 'An atmosphere of genuine solidarity and brotherhood: Hernan Santa-Cruz and a forgotten Latin American contribution to social rights', 71-103;
- Mark Somos and Morgan Gostwyck-Lewis, 'A new architecture of justice: Dan Kiley's design for the Nuremberg trials', 104-139;
- Book review of Oona Hathaway and Scott Shapiro, The Internationalists. How a Radical Plan to Outlaw War Remade the World, by Agatha Verdebout;
- Book review of Antonella Alimento and Koen Stapelbroek (eds.), The Politics of Commercial Treaties in the Eighteenth Century. Balance of Power, Balance of Trade, by Dave De ruysscher, 149-150;
- Book reivew of Vincent Genin, Incarner le droit international. La Belgique et ses juristes: du mythe juridique au déclassement international (1914-1940), by Olivier Corten, 151-153;
- Book review of Anthony Carty, Philosophy of International Law, by Florian Couveinhes Matsumoto', 154-159.
Jus Gentium. Journal of International Legal History (4) 2 (2019)
- Anthony Carty, 'British and French archives relating to ownership of the Paracel Islands: 1900-1975', 301-349;
- Ryan Greenwood, 'The just war in Florentine political discourse: c. 1200-1400', 351-382;
- Thomas Schultz and Jason Mitchenson, 'The history of comity', 383-418;
- Vladislav Rjéoutski, Derek Offord and Gesine Argent, 'French as a diplomatic and official language in imperial Russia', 419-493;
- W.E. Butler and V.S. Ivanenko, 'Baron M.A. von Taube historian of international law', 495-525;
- Li Chen, 'The making of China's foremost diplomat and international judge', 527-563;
- Olga Butkevych, 'International law as a living system. Eugene Ehrlich's conception in modern times', 565-591;
- W.E. Butler, 'On the fate of the Grabar doctoral dissertation and degree', 593-606;
- O.A. Gavrylenko and T.L. Syroed, 'Classical and modern traditions in Kharviv University. International and European law', 607-620;
- William E. Butler and Michael Kwon, 'Manning's Commentaries on the Law of Nations', 621-631;
- W.E. Butler, 'The Martens Treatise. Missing Passages', 633-634.
- F.F. Martens, 'Contemporary international law of civilized nations [excerpt], 635-653;
- V.K. Wellington Koo, 'History and law of the case of the Caldera', 655-666;
- Peter Macalister-Smith and Joachim Schwietzke, 'Treaty collections relating to China during the Colonial Era. Annotation, bibliography, chronology', 667-750.
Journal of the History of International Law (20) 4 (2018)
- Moshe Hirsch, 'The role of international tribunals in the development of historical narratives', 391-428;
- Louis Sicking, 'The pirate and the admiral: Europeanisation and globalization of maritime conflict management', 429-470;
- Marc de Wilde, 'Seeking refuge: Grotius on exile and asylum', 471-500;
- Focus section on the St. Petersburg Declaration (150th anniversary) with
- Raphael Schäfer, 'The 150th anniversary of the St. Petersburg Declaration: Introductory reflections on a Janus-faced development', 501-514;
- Robert Kolb & Momchil Milanov, 'The 1868 St. Petersburg Declaration on Explosive Projectiles: A reappraisal', 515-543;
- Emily Crawford, 'The enduring legacy of the St. Petersburg Declaration: Distinction, military necessity, and the prohibition of causing unnecessary suffering and superfluous injury in IHL', 544-566.
- Book review of Andreas von Arnauld (ed.), Völkerrechtsgeschichte(n). Historische Narrative und Konzepte im Wandel, by Felix Lange, 567-571;
- Book review of Juan Pablo Scarfi, The Hidden History of International Law in the Americas, by André Nunes Chaib, 572-576.
Jus Gentium. Journal of International Legal History (4) 1 (2019)
- A. Carty, ‘Archives on historical titles to South China Sea Islands’, 7-76;
- V.I. Ivanenko, ‘Ignatii Ivanovskii: first head of the chair of international law at St. Petersburg University’, 77-94;
- T. Korotkyi and A. Khevtsurian, ‘Island of hope in the vortex of revolution: the Georgian consul general in Odessa, 1918-1919’, 95-115;
- O.O. Merezhko, ‘Petraycki’s psychological theory of private international law’, 117-144;
- W.E. Butler and V.I. Ivanenko, ‘F.F. Martens: Russian scholar, diplomat, and arbitrator’, 145-178;
- W.E. Butler, ‘Imperial Russian marine legislation: 1803-1817’, 179-189;
- G.S. Starodubtsev, ‘Vsevolod Pievich Danevskii: a life well-lived’, 191-205;
- P. Macalister-Smith and J. Schwietzke, ‘Latin American treaty collections and international law textbooks: from independence to World War One’, 207-284.
The Hague Conferences and International Politics, 1898-1915 (London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018)
- (from the back cover): Beginning with the extraordinary rescript by Tsar Nicholas II in August 1898 calling the world’s governments to a disarmament conference, this book charts the history of the two Hague peace conferences of 1899 and 1907 – and the third conference of 1915 that was never held – using diplomatic correspondence, newspaper reports, contemporary publications and the papers of internationalist organizations and peace activists.
Focusing on the international media frenzy that developed around them, Maartje Abbenhuis provides a new angle on the conferences. Highlighting the conventions that they brought about, she demonstrates how The Hague set the tone for international politics in the years leading up to the First World War, permeating media reports and shaping the views and activities of key-organizations such as the Inter-Parliamentary Union, the International Council of Women and the Institut de Droit International.
Grotiana New Series (39) (2018)
- Felix Waldmann, ‘An Unpublished Letter from Herbert of Cherbury to Grotius on the Expeditio in Ream Insulam: Commentary, Text, and Translation’, 1-14;
- Francesco Iurlaro, ‘Grotius, Dio Chrysostom and the Invention of Customary ius gentium’, 15-44;
- Emile Simpson, ‘States and Patrimonial Kingdoms: Hugo Grotius’s Account of Sovereign Entities in The Rights of War and Peace’, 45-76;
- Gustaaf van Nifterik, ‘A Reply to Grotius’s Critics. On Constitutional Law’, 77-95;
- Laurelin Middelkoop, ‘An Introduction to the Smaller Bodies of Water in Hugo Grotius’s Legal Theory’, 97-103;
- Reviews on books by Joe Sampson, an edited collection by Hardy, Van Miert, Nellen, Steenbakkers and Touber, by Jeremy S. Geddert, Nicholas Hardy and by Jens Ohlin and Larry May.
Journal of the History of International Law (20) 3 (2018)
- Ingo Venzke, ‘Possibilities of the past: histories of the NIEO and the travails of critique’, 263-302;
- Marta Lorente, ‘Historical titles v. effective occupation: Spanish jurists on the Caroline Islands Affair (1885)’, 303-344;
- Joshua Smeltzer’, On the use and abuse of Francisco de Vitoria: James Brown Scott and Carl Schmitt’, 345-372;
- Li Chen, ‘Professor James Leslie Brierly and his first Chinese pupil Li Shengwu at Oxford University Faculty of Law (1927-1930), 373-380;
- Review of Robert Deal, The Law of the Whale Hunt. Dispute Resolution, Property Law, and American Whales 1780-1880, by Malgosia Fitzmaurice, 381-384;
- Review of Lauren Benton and Lisa Ford, Rage for Order. The British Empire and the Origins of International Law, 1800-1850, by Parvathi Menon, 385-390.
Khaled Ramadan Bashir
Islamic International Law. Historical Foundations and Al-Shaybani’s Siyar (Cheltenham and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar 2018)
- (from the back cover): Islamic International Law examines Al-Shaybani’s work alongside that of other leading scholars such as Augustine, Gratian, Aquinas, Vitoria and Grotius, providing a full picture of early thinking on international law. Individual chapters provide discussion on Al-Shaybani’s writing in relation to war, peace, the consequences of war and diplomatic missions.
From Slaves to Prisoners of War. The Ottoman Empire, Russia, and International Law (The History and Theory of International Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press 2018)
(from the dust cover): The Ottoman-Russian wars of the eighteenth century reshaped the map of Eurasia and the Middle East, but they also produced a novel concept: the prisoner of war. For centuries, hundreds of thousands of captives, civilians and soldiers alike, crossed the legal and social boundaries of these empires, destined for either ransom of enslavement. But in the eighteenth century, the Ottoman state and its Russian rival, through conflict and diplomacy, worked out a new system of regional international law. Ransom was abolished; soldiers became prisoners of war; and some slaves gained new paths to release, while others were left entirely unprotected. These rules delineated sovereignty, redefined individuals’ relationships to states, and prioritized political identity over economic value. In the process, the Ottomans marked out a parallel, non-Western path toward elements of modern international law (…)
Juan Pablo Scarfi
The Hidden History of International Law in the Americas. Empire and Legal Networks (The History and Theory of International Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press 2017)
- (from the dust cover): The Hidden History of International Law in the Americas offers the first study of the deployment of international law for the legitimization of U.S. ascendancy as an informal empire in international law. The book explores the intellectual history of a distinct idea of American international law in the Americas, focusing principally on the evolution of the American Institute of International Law (AIIL).
Journal of the History of International Law (20) 2 (2018)
- Guy Fiti Sinclair, ‘A civilizing task: the International Labour Organization, social reform, and the genealogy of development’, 145-197;
- Melissa H. Loja, ‘A critical legal approach to the South China Sea territorial dispute’, 198-216;
- Ivar Alvik, ‘Protection of private property in the early law of nations’, 217-250;
- Review of Susan Pedersen, The Guardians: The League of Nations and the Crisis of Empire, by Victor Kattan, 251-256;
- Review of Jakob Zollmann, Naulilla 1914. World War I in Angola and International Law, by Raphael Schäfer, 257-262.
Jus Gentium. Journal of International Legal History (3) 2 (2018)
- Steve Harris, ‘Arbitration at Vienna: recasting the history of international dispute resolution’, 391-418;
- V.S. Ivanenko, ‘The rising generation of international lawyers at St. Petersburg University: Zaremba and Spasovich, 419-436;
- Mark W. Podvia, ‘The Baltimore Incident and American naval expansion’, 437-450;
- O.O. Merezhko, ‘The 1917 Russian Revolution and international law’, 451-484;
- K.O. Savchuk and I.M. Protsenko, ‘The development of the science of international law at the Koretsky Institute of State and Law, 485-504;
- Jonathan Anderson, ‘Currency control, exchange contracts, and war: Boissevain v. Weil’, 505-524;
- Isaac Schaphorst, ‘Brown v. United States and confiscation of enemy property’, 525-538;
- V.I. Ivanenko, ‘Kronid Malyshev and the renaissance of private international law’, 539-552;
- William E. Butler, ‘On teaching the history of international law’, 553-572;
- I.O. Kresina and O.V. Kresin, ‘The people as a subject of international law’, 573-598;
- Peter Macalister-Smith and Joachim Schwietzke (eds.), ‘Brief calendar of international practice for Spain and Portugal 1641 to 1818’, 599-670;
- Book review by T.R. Korotkyi and N. Pashkovskyi of Philippe Sands, East West Street: Return to Lviv, 671-680.
Emiliano J. Buis
Taming Ares. War, Interstate Law, and Humanitarian Discourse in Classical Greece (Studies in the History of International Law, Leiden and Boston: Brill/Nijhoff 2018)
- (from the back cover): In Taming Ares Emiliano J. Buis examines the sources of classical Greece to challenge both the state-centeredness of mainstream international legal history and the omnipresence of war and excessive violence in ancient times. Making ample use of epigraphic as well as literary, rhetorical, and historiographical sources, the book offers the first widespread account of the narrative foundations of the (il)legality of warfare in the classical Hellenic world.
Boundaries of the International. Law and Empire (Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press 2018)
- In Boundaries of the International Law, the Chicago-based historian of political thought Jennifer Pitts explores intellectual debates on the relations of Europe and the West with other parts of the world under the looking glass of the question of the geographical extent of the European/Western law of nations. The book covers the late 18th and 19th centuries. Through her thorough and nuanced reading of the sources, Pitt makes a significant, new contribution to scholarship on international law and empire. The book is an absolute must-read for anyone interested in the history of international law. – R.L.
Leonard V. Smith
Sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2018)
- (from the dust cover) This book investigates not whether the Paris Peace Conference succeeded or failed, but the historically specific international system it created. It explores the rules under which that system operated, and the kinds of states and empires that inhabited it. Deepening the dialogue between history and international relations theory makes it possible to think about sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference in new ways. Sovereignty in 1919 was about not just determining of answers demarcating the international system, but also the questions. Sovereignty in 1919 was about remaking the world.
Jus Gentium. Journal of International Legal History (3) 1 (2018)
- V.G. Butkevych, ‘The International-Legal Ideology of Pre-Slavic Chiefdoms of the Ukrainian Ethnos (Part Four)’, 7-62;
- Mark Somos, ‘Boston in the State of Nature, 1761-1765: The Birth of an American Constitutional Type’, 63-113;
- Christopher Rossi, ‘The Gulf of Fonseca and international law: Condominium or anti-colonial imperialism?’, 115-153;
- Amy Kellam, ‘Suzerainty and the Simla Agreement’, 155-80;
- V. Popovski, ‘Raphael Lemkin: Inventing and Codifying Genocide’, 181-214;
- M. Mulligan, ‘The Status of Egypt after the 1840 Convention of London’, 215-243;
- V.S. Ivanenko’, Private International Law in Russia: The Earliest Work’, 245-255;
- L. Anufrieva, ‘Myths and Facts of the Russian Science of Private International Law: The Legacy of M.I. Brun’, 257-274;
- V.V. Veeder, ‘Looking for Professor Nolde’, 275-280;
- W.E. Butler, ‘The Abbé Ferdinando Galiani and Neutrality’, 281-286;
- Abbé Galiani, ‘On the Reciprocal Rights of Belligerents and Neurals’, 287-306;
- P. Macalister-Smith and J. Schwietzke, ‘Treaty Collections Relating to Russia: A Baseline Historical Survey in Comparative Perspective’, 307-371.
Journal of the History of International Law (20) 1 (2018)
- Andrew Fitzmaurice’ Context in the History of International Law’, 5-30;
- Gabor Sulyok, ‘Breach of Treaties in the Ancient Near East’, 31-56;
- Jorg Kustermans, ‘Henry Maine and the Modern Invention of Peace’, 57-88;
- Ofra Friesel, ‘Fifty Years since the 1967 Annexation of East Jerusalem: Israel, the United States, and the First United States Denunciation’, 89-123;
- Review of Arnulf Becker Lorca, Mestizo International Law: A Global Intellectual History 1842-1933, by Fabia Fernandes Carvalho Veçoso, 125-131.
Journal of the History of International Law (19) 3 (2017)
- Claire Vergerio, ‘Alberico Gentili’s De iure belli: An Absolutist’s Attempt to Reconcile the jus gentium and the Reason of State Tradition, 429-466;
- Jeffrey T. Tirshfield, ‘The Socio-Historical Case for the Existence of a Nexus Requirement in the Application of Universal Jurisdiction to Maritime Piracy’, 467-494;
- Robert Schütze, ‘From the “Closed” to the “Open” Commercial State: A Very Brief of International Economic Law”, 495-524;
- Review of Charlotte Peevers, The Politics of Justifying Force: The Suez Crisis, the Iraq War and International Law, by Parvathi Menon, 525-530;
- Review of Guy Fiti Sinclair, To Reform the World. International Organisations and the Making of Modern States, by Madeleine Herren, 531-536.
Grotiana, New Series 38 (2017)
- Johannes Magliano Tromp, ‘Acceptilatio. Hugo Grotius on Satisfaction, 1-27;
- Eltjo Schrage, ‘Having Made Peace through the Blood of Christ: On Legal Arguments in Grotius’s De satisfactione Christi’, 28-45;
- Jeremy Seth Geddert, ‘Too Subtle to Satisfy Many: Was Grotius’s Teleology of Punishment Predestined to Fail?’, 46-69;
- Brad Hinshelwood, ‘Punishment and Sovereignty in De Indis and De Iure Belli ac Pacis, 71-105;
- Sylvie Loriaux, ‘Grotius and Kant on Original Community of Goods and Property’, 106-128;
- Bart Wauters, ‘Grotius, Necessity and the Sixteenth-Century Scholastic Tradition’, 129-147;
- Lydia Janssen, ‘Hugo Grotius in Dialogue with His Colleagues: Intertextuality and Polemlics in Historia Gotthorum (1655)’; 148-175;
- Mark Somos and Daniel Margoscy, ‘Pirating Mare Liberum (1609)’, 176-210;
- Benjamin Straumann, ‘Adams Smith’s Unfinished Grotius Business, Grotius’s Novel Turn to Ancient Law, and the Genealogical Fallacy’, 211-228;
- Frank Gunert and Béla Kapossy, ‘Christian Wolff’s Lectures on Grotius’s De Iure Belli ac Pacis from 1739-1740’, 229-233;
- Rens Steenhard, ‘Bibliography’, 235-244.
Ignacio de la Rasilla del Moral
In the Shadow of Vitoria. A History of International Law in Spain (1770-1953) (Studies in the History of International Law 9, Leiden and Boston: Brill/Nijhoff 2017).
- (from the back cover) This book offers the first comprehensive treatment of the intellectual evolution of international law in Spain from the late 18th century to the aftermath of the Spanish Civil War. Ignacio de la Rasilla del Moral recounts the history of the two ‘renaissances’ of Francisco de Vitoria and the Spanish Classics of International Law and contextualizes the ideological glorification of the Salamanca School by Franco’s international lawyers. Historical excursuses on the intellectual evolution of international law in the US and the UK complement the neglected history of international law in Spain from the first empire in history on which the sun never set to a diminished and fascistized national-Catholicist state.
Samatha Besson and Jean d’Aspremont
The Oxford Handbook on the Sources of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2017)
The first part of this volume’ The histories of the sources of international law’, contains 7 sections pairing each time two papers on
- Sources in the scholastic legacy: Peter Haggenmacher and Annabel Brett;
- Sources in the modern tradition: Dominique Gaurier and Randall Lesaffer;
- Sources of international law in the nineteenth-century European tradition: Milos Vec and Lauri Mälksoo;
- The history of Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice: Ole Spiermann and Malgosia Fitzmaurice;
- Sources in the anti-formalist tradition: Monica Garcia-Salmones Rovira and Upendra Baxi
- Sources in the meta-history of international law: Anthony Carty/Anna Irene Baka and Mark Janis;
- Legal history as a source of international law: Robert Kolb and Samuel Moyn.
Jus Gentium. Journal of International Legal History (2) 2 (2017)
- G.S. Starodubtsev, ‘The 1917 October Russian Revolution and international law’, pp. 375-88;
- V.G. Butkevych, ‘The international-legal ideology of Pre-Slavic Chiefdoms of the Ukranian Ethnos (Part Three)’, pp. 389-442;
- O.O. Merezhko, ‘On the origins of the Ukranian science of international law’, pp. 443-84;
- Olga Butkevych, ‘The Nezabytovskyi concept of the law of the international community’, pp. 485-504;
- A.N. Vylegzhanin, ‘Legal status of the Bering Strait: historical and legal context’, pp. 505-22;
- W.E. Butler and V.S. Ivanenko, ‘On the history of teaching international law at St. Petersburg University’, pp. 523-54;
- Egle Bendikaite, ‘Interwar Lithuania as a laboratory of international law’, pp. 555-80.
- Notes, comments, notes on doctrines and reviews;
- P. Macalister-Smith and J. Schwietzke, ‘A brief calendar of state practice from Russia during the First World War: 1914 to 1924 (Part Two 1919-1924)’, pp. 671-710.
Oona A. Hathaway and Scott J. Shapiro
The Internationalists and Their Plan to Outlaw War (New York/London: Simon & Schuster/Allen Lane 2017).
- (from the dust cover) Since the end of the Second World War, we have moved from an international system in which war was legal, and accepted as the ultimate arbiter of disputes between nations, to one in which it is not. Nations that wage aggressive war have become outcasts and have almost always have to give up their territorial gains. How did this epochal transformation come about? This remarkable book, which combines political, legal and intellectual history, traces the origins and course of one of the great shifts in the modern world.
Journal of the History of International Law (19) 3 (2017)
- Emily Crawford, ‘Tracing the historical and legal development of the Levée en masse in the law of armed conflict, pp. 329-361;
- Steven Harris, ‘Taming arbitration: states’ men, lawyers, and peace advocates from the Hague to the war, pp. 362-396;
- Leonardo Valladares Pacheco de Oliveira, ‘Overcoming the challenges in establishing arbitration in Brazil: a historical perspective’, 397-421;
- Review of Andreas H. Aure, The Right to Wage War (jus ad bellum). The German Reception of Grotius 50 Years after De iure belli ac pacis, by Frederik Dhondt.
Naissance de la diplomatie moderne (XIIIe-XVIIe siècles). L’ambassadeur au croisement du droit, de l’éthique et de la politique (Studien zur Geschichte des Völkerechts 6, Baden: Nomos Verlag 2017).
- Fedele offers a thorough and systematic study of the legal foundations and organisation of diplomacy from the Late Middle Ages to the advent of permanent diplomatic representation in the context of the rise of the sovereign state in the 16th and 17th centuries. He does so mainly through the perusal of legal and other literature on diplomacy and law from the period. The book also goes into questions about the functions, formations, qualities and ethics of diplomats, a common theme in the sources it considers. – R.L.
Journal of the History of International Law (19) 2 (2017): Special issue on the Russian Revolution, the Soviet Union and international law
- Anne Peters, ‘Introduction: A century after the Russian Revolution: Its legacy in international law, pp. 135-46;
- Veronika Bilkova, ‘Sovereignty, property and the Russian Revolution’, pp. 147-77;
- Sabine Dullin and Etienne Forestier-Peyrat, ‘Flexible sovereignties of the revolutionary state: Soviet republics enter world politics’, pp. 178-199;
- Lauri Mälksoo, ‘The Soviet approach to the right of peoples to self-determination: Russia’s farewell to jus publicum Europaeum’, pp. 200-218;
- Johannes Socher, ‘Lenin, (just) wars of national liberation, and the Soviet doctrine on the use of force’, pp. 219-45;
- John Quigley, ‘Leon Trotsky and the prohibition against secret treaties’, pp. 246-273;
- Bill Bowring, ‘Yevgeniy Pashukanis, his Law and Marxism: A General Theory, and the 1922 Treaty of Rapallo between Soviet Russia and Germany, pp. 274-295;
- Alina Cherviatsova and Oleksandr Yarmysh, ‘Soviet international law: between slogans and practice’, pp. 296-327.
The Conservative Human Rights Revolution. European Identity, Transnational Politics, and the Origins of the European Convention (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2017)
- From the dust cover: Duranti radically interprets the origins of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), arguing that conservatives conceived of the treaty not only as a Cold War measure, but also as a vehicle for pursuing a controversial domestic political agenda on either side of the Channel. Just as the Supreme Court of the United States had sought to overturn Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal, a European Court of Human Rights was meant to constrain the ability of democratically elected governments to implement left-wing policies that British and French conservatives believed violated their basic liberties.
Journal of the History of International Law (19) 1 (2017)
- John T. Bennett, ‘The forgotten genocide in colonial America: reexamining the 1622 Jamestown Massacre within the framework of the UN Genocide Convention’, pp. 1-49;
- Paulina Starski and Jörn Axel Kammerer, ‘Imperial colonialism in the genesis of international law – anomaly or time of transition?, pp. 50-69;
- Michael Mulligan, ‘Piracy and empire: the campaign against piracy, the development of international law and the British imperial mission’, pp. 70-92;
- Oliver Diggelmann, ‘Beyond the myth of a non-relationship: international law and World War I’, pp. 93-120;
- Review of Bonny Ibhawoh, Imperial Justice: Africans in Empire’s Court, s Court, by Evelyn Mogere, pp. 121-125;
- Review of Umut Özsu, Formalizing Displacement: International Law and Populations Transfers, by Alain Zamaria, pp. 126-132.
Koskenniemi, Rech and Jimenez Fonseca
International Law and Empire: Historical Explorations (The History and Theory of International Law; Oxford: Oxford University Press 2017).
- From the dust cover: By examining the relationship between international law and empire in historical context from early modernity to the present, this volume aims at deepening current understandings of the way international legal institutions, practices, and narratives have shaped specifically imperial ideas about and structures of world governance. As it explores fundamental ways in which international legal discourses have operated in colonial as well as European contexts, the book enters a heated debate on the involvement of the modern law of nations in imperial projects. (…) Importantly, as the book suggests that international legal argument may sometimes be used to counter imperial enterprises, it maintains that international law can barely escape the Eurocentric framework within which the progressive aspirations of internationalism were conceived.
Abbenhuis, Barber and Hiigins
War, Peace and International Order? The Legacies of the Hague Peace Conferences of 1899 and 1907 (Routledge Studies in Modern History; London and New York: Routledge 2017).
- From the website of Routledge: The exact legacies of the two Hague Peace Conferences remain unclear. On the one hand, diplomatic and military historians, who cast their gaze to 1914, traditionally dismiss the events of 1899 and 1907 as insignificant footnotes on the path to the First World War. On the other, experts in international law posit that The Hague’s foremost legacy lies in the manner in which the conferences progressed the law of war and the concept and application of international justice.
Jus Gentium. Journal of International Legal History (2) 1 (2017)
V.G. Butkevch, ‘The International Legal Ideology of Pre-Slavic Chiefdoms of the Ukranian Ethnos (Part Two)’, pp. 7-66;
Douglas Howland, ‘The Limits of International Agreement: Belligerent Rights v. Submarine Cable Security in the Nineteenth Century’, pp. 67-92;
Miriam McKenna, ‘The Means to the End and the End of the Means: Self-Determination, Decolonization, and International Law’, pp. 93-130;
Further notes, reviews and documents;
Peter Macalister-Smith and Joachim Schwietzke, ‘A Brief Calendar of International Practice for Spain and Portugal: 1297 to 1641’, pp. 243-286;
Peter Macalister-Smith and Joachim Schwietzke, ‘A Brief Calendar of State Practice for Russia During the First World War: 1914 to 1924 (Part One 1914-1918), pp. 287-350.
Grotiana, New Series 37 (2016)
- Douglas J. Osler, ‘The Restless Mind and the Living Text: The First Edition of Grotius’s De iure belli ac pacis’, 1-15.
- James Muldoon, ‘Grotius and English Charters’, 16-42.
- Inge Van Hulle, ‘Grotius, Informal Empire and the Conclusion of Unequal Treaties’, 43-60.
- Stefanie Ertz, ‘Hugo Grotius’s Hermeneutics of Natural and Divine Law’, 61-94.
- Book review of Benjamin Straumann, Roman Law in the State of Nature, by Jakob Giltaij, 95-104.
- Ed. Rens Steenhard, ‘Bibliography’, 105-114.
Mieke van der Linden
The Acquisition of Africa (1870-1914). The Nature of International Law (Studies in the History of International Law 8; Leiden and Boston: Brill/Nijhoff 2016).
- Based on her PhD, which she defended in 2014 at Tilburg University, Van der Linden’s book analyses the legal strategies of Britain, France and German for the acquisition of territory in Africa during the Age of New Imperialism. She analyses the legality of the three European powers actions under then current international law and raises the question of their responsibility for their alleged illegality. – R.L.
Lauren Benton & Lisa Ford
Rage for Order. The British Empire and the Origins of International Law 1800-1850 (Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press 2016).
- From the dust cover: Lauren Benton and Lisa Ford uncover the lost history of Britain’s global empire of law in colonial conflicts and bureaucratic dispatches rather than legal treaties and case law. Tracing constitutional politics around the world, Rage for Order shows that attempts to refashion the British imperial constitution touched on all the controversial issues of the day, from slavery to revolution (…) Yet, through it all, legal reforms focused on promoting order, not advancing human rights or charting liberalism. Rage for Order maps a formative phase in world history when imperial, not international, law anchored visions of global order. This sweeping story changes the way we think about the legacy of the British empire and the meaning of international law today.
Jus Gentium. Journal of International Legal History (1) 2 (2016)
- V.G. Butkevch, ‘The International Legal Ideology of Pre-Slavic Chiefdoms of the Ukranian Ethnos (Part One)’, pp. 345-390.
- A.P. Useche, ‘The Standard of Civilization on Trial at the United States/Mexico Claims Commission: 1923-1937’, pp. 391-426.
- G. Himeno, ‘The Right to Cure under the Unidroit Principle Article 7.1.4: A Historical Analysis’, pp. 427-572.
- Further notes and comments, reviews, reviews, an extensive literature survey and documents and evidence of state practice.
- P. Macalister-Smith and J. Schwietzke, ‘Publication of Treaty Collections Relating to Spain and Portugal in Historical Perspective: A Baseline Compilation’, pp. 639-694.
Journal of the History of International Law (18) 4 (2016)
Edward J. Kolla, ‘Maritime Intercourse and the Commercial Origins of the Alien Tort Statute’, pp. 395-419.
Emily Haslam, ‘International Criminal Law and Legal Memories of Abolition: Intervention, Mixed Commission Courts and Emancipation’, pp. 420-448.
Dante Fedele, ‘The Renewal of Early-Modern Scholarship on the Ambassador: Pierre Ayrault on Diplomatic Immunity’, pp. 449-468.
Review of Mamadou Hébié, Souveraineté territoriale par traité by Michel Erpelding, pp. 469-479.
Review of Harald Kleinschmidt, Geschichte des Völkerrechts in Krieg und Frieden by Karolina Januszewski, pp. 480-484.
The Emergence of Humanitarian Intervention. Ideas and Practice from the Nineteenth Century to the Present (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2016).
- From the dust cover: How should the international community react when a government transgresses humanitarian norms and violates the rights of its own nationals? And where does the responsibility lie to protect people from such acts of violation? In a profound new study, Fabian Klose unites a team of leading scholars to investigate some of the most complex and controversial debates regarding the legitimacy of protecting humanitarian norms and universal human rights by non-violent and violent means. Charting the development of humanitarian intervention from its origins in the nineteenth century through to the present day, the book surveys the philosophical and legal rationales of enforcing humanitarian norms by military means, and how attitudes to military intervention on humanitarian grounds have changes over the course of three centuries. Drawing from a wide range of disciplines, the authors lend a fresh perspective to contemporary dilemmas using case studies from Europe, the United States, Africa and Asia.
ANNE ORFORD AND FLORIAN HOFFMANN
The Oxford Handbook of the Theory of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2016).
- In its series of International Law Handbook, OUP had just published a massive volume on the theory of international law, numbering 48 chapters. It book is divided in four parts, the first of which is titled ‘Histories’. After a survey chapter on the role of Roman law in the development of international law (Lesaffer) follow three chapters on early-modern scholarship in Europe: one on the German school of Vernünftrecht (Koskenniemi), one on the reception of Grotius (Van Ittersum) and one on Vattel (Tourme Jouannet). There are three chapters which pertain to the imperial encounter, covering the Ottoman Empire (Özsu), China (Ruskola) and the role of imperialism in the development of international law (Anghie). The 20th century is well represented with five chapters. These deal with positivism (Garcia Salmones), Kelsen (Von Bernstoff), Schmitt (Howse), Arendt (Whitehall) and the Russian approach to international law (Mälksoo). The other parts of the book also contain a few chapters which are of direct relevance to the history of international law. Among those the chapter on Marxism by Knox, on the doctrine of international personality by Parfitt and one free trade by Orford must be singled out. – R.L.
Journal of the History of International Law (18) 2-3 (2016)
- YI Ping, ‘A Swan Song, or a Phoenix Rising’, pp. 147-180.
- Vincent Genin, ‘L’institutionalisation du droit international comme phénomène transnational (1869-1873). Les réseaux européens de Gustave Rolin-Jacquemyns’, pp. 181-196.
- Ignacio de la Rasilla y del Moral, ‘In the General Interest of Peace? British International Lawyers and the Spanish Civil War’, pp. 197-238.
- Focus Section on ‘Colonialism and International Law’:
- Jörn Axel Kämmerer, ‘Introduction.Imprints of Colonialism in Public International Law: On the Paradoxes of Transition’, pp. 239-247.
- Martti Koskenniemi, ‘Colonial Laws: Sources, Strategies and Lessons?’, pp 248-277.
- Harald Kleinschmidt, ‘The Family of Nations as an Element of the Ideology of Colonialism’, pp. 278-316.
- Fabian Klose, ‘Human Rights for and against Empire – Legal and Public Discourses in the Age of Decolonisation’, pp. 317-338.
- Richard P. Boast, ‘The Waitangi Tribunal in the Context of New Zealand’s Political Culture and Historiography’, pp. 339-31.
- Book review of edition of Gérard de Rayneval’s Freedom of the Seas in English by Jean Allain, pp. 363-31.
- Book review of Andrew Fitzmaurice, Sovereignty, Property and Empire, by Mieke van der Linden, pp. 372-385.
- Book review of Lai Junnan, Le droit international et la Chine impériale dans ses dernières années. Textes, évènements et politique, by Mingzhe Zhu, pp. 386-392.
Baldo degli Baldeschi, Commentaire sur la Paix de Constance (1183). Traduction, introduction et notes de Dominique Gaurier (Cahiers Internationaux d’Anthropologie Juridique 46, Limoges: Presses Universitaires de Limoges 2016).
- The late-medieval collation of the codification of Roman law by the Emperor Justinian did not only contain texts which were originally contained in the Justinianic collection, but was expanded with some more recent texts. Among them was the Peace of Konstanz, an agreement between Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa and the Lombard League from 1183. After Odofredus in the 13th century, Baldus de Ubaldis (c. 1327-1400), one of the leading Roman as well as canon lawyers of the 14th century, produced an extensive commentary to the text. The presence of the Peace of Konstanz in the Volumen parvum of the medieval collection of Roman law occasioned the teaching of numerous subjects relating to government and public affairs. Baldus’ commentary reflects this. In this sense, the text forms a major source for late-medieval jurisprudence with relation to a wide range of subjects that Peace of Konstanz could be brought to bear on. These pertained to the relative authority of the emperor and the city-states of Italy, the organization of government, peace-making and the law of treaties. Whereas Baldus did not recognize the law of nations as a separate category, his work, of which this commentary is just a small sample, contributed in a significant manner to the development of numerous legal doctrines which later found their way into the law of nations. Gaurier’s French translation discloses a key-text from the tradition of late-medieval legal scholarship. It may help to direct the interest of historians of international law towards the jus commune which stands at the origins of many doctrines of modern international law, but has been ostracized from mainstream histories of international law, often because of its inaccessibility and the linguistic challenges it offers. In the early 17th century, the Leuven law professor Petrus Gudelinus (1550-1619) also wrote a commentary on the peace, which was in fact rather a treatise on peace treaties and peace-making under the law of nations. In 2011, Gaurier already published a French translation of this text – R.L.
Jus Gentium. Journal of International Legal History (1) 1 (2016)
- L.P. Anufrieva, ‘P.E. Kazanskii: “On his Character, Biography, Life, and Works, or What Has Been Left to His Descendants …”, pp. 9-32;
- O.V. Kresin, ‘Origins of the Idea of Social International Law (XVI-XIX Centuries)’, pp. 33-52.
- O.O. Merezhko, ‘The History of International Law in the Mirror of Ancient Greek Literature’, pp. 53-62.
- W.E. Butler, ‘International Treaties, Heraldic Seals, and Bookplates: John Adams and John Quincy Adams’, pp. 63-70.
- Jean Allain, ‘Biographical Note: Joseph-Mathias Gérard de Rayneval’, pp. 71-84.
- Joseph-Mathias Gérard de Rayneval, Institutions du Droit de la Nature et des Gens (1803), Book II, pp. 85-140.
- W.E. Butler, N.V. Hendel and T.R. Korotkyi, ‘The Legal Scholarship of P.E. Kazanskii: A Bio-Biographical Essay’, pp. 141-182.
- Review by Jean Allain of M.A. Gazi (ed.), The Shorter Book of Muslim International Law, pp. 183-192.
- Review by O.O. Merezhko of A.I. Dmitriev and W.E. Butler, History of International Law, pp. 193-196.
- Ed. W.E. Butler, ‘The Bentham Letters of Anti-Machiavel’, pp. 197-234.
- P. Macalister-Smith and J. Schwietzke, ‘Jus Gentium and Globally-Conceived General Treaty Collections’, pp. 235-316.
- W.E. Butler, ‘In Memoriam A.P. Rubin (1931-2014)’, pp. 317-318.
Journal of the History of International Law (18) 1 (2016): International Legal Histories of the Ottoman Empire (eds. Umut Özsu and Thomas Skouteris) / Special Issue
- Umut Özsu and Thomas Skouteris, ‘International Legal Histories of the Ottoman Empire: An Introduction to the Symposium’, pp. 1-4.
- Davide Rodogno, ‘European Legal Doctrines on Intervention and the Status of the Ottoman Empire within the Family of Nations’, pp. 5-41.
- Will Smiley, ‘War without War: The Battle of Navarino, the Ottoman Empire, and the Pacific Blockade’, pp. 42-69.
- Berdal Aral, ‘The Ottoman School of International Law as Featured in Textbooks’, pp. 70-97.
- Will Hanley, ‘International Lawyers without Public International Law: The Case of Late Ottoman Egypt’, pp. 98-119.
- Sarah Shields, ‘Force Migration as Nation-Building: The League of Nations, Minority Protection, and the Greek-Turkish Population Exchange’, pp. 120-145.
Arnulf Becker Lorca
Mestizo International Law. A Global Intellectual History 1842-1933 (Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014).
In his book, Becker Lorca develops the idea which was earlier defended by Anghie and others that modern international law is a product of the confrontation between European and non-European powers in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Becker Lorca argues that international law turned ‘mestizo’ as the positive international law from the core States of the 19th century was first appropriated and then reformed by lawyers from the global semi-periphery, such as China, Japan, the Ottoman Empire or Latin America. While the chapters on the 19th and early 20th centuries are largely a thoughtful synthesis of recent secondary literature and its reframing from a global perspective, the book comes most into its own in the final part on the Interbellum where the author discusses the use of arguments of self-determination and statehood and the role of Latin-American lawyers in the reformulation of the doctrine of statehood which led to the Montevideo Conference - R.L.
Roman Law in the State of Nature. The Classical Foundations of Hugo Grotius’ Natural Law (Ideas in Context, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014).
- This book is the revised English translation of Benjamin Straumann’s PhD which first appeared in German in ‘Studien zur Geschichte des Völkerrechts’ with Nomos Verlag in 2007. The book focuses on the influence of the rediscovery of ancient Roman law as well as the works of Cicero on Grotius’s natural law theory in the context of humanism. – R.L.
Hugo Grotius. A Lifelong Struggle for Peace in Church and State, 1583-1645 (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2014).
- The English translation of Henk Nellen’s massive biography of Hugo Grotius, which first appeared in Dutch in 2007. Nellen based his study largely on the correspondence of Grotius. The book gives a fascinating insight into the life and thought of the polymath Grotius was. To the historian of international law it offers an excellent entry into Grotius’ significance as a theologian and general intellectual giant – R.L.
Sovereignty, Property and Empire 1500-2000 (Ideas in Context; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014).
- From the dust cover: This book analyses the laws that shaped modern European empires from medieval thinkers to the twentieth century. Its geographical scope is global, including the Americas, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia and the Poles. Andrew Fitzmaurice focuses upon the use of the law of occupation to justify and critique the appropriation of territory. He examines both discussions of occupation by theologians, philosophers and jurists, as well as its application by colonial publicists and settlers themselves. Beginning with the medieval revival of Roman law, this study reveals the evolution of arguments concerning the right to occupy through the School of Salamanca, the foundation of American colonies, seventeenth-century natural law theories, Enlightenment philosophers, eighteenth-century American colonies and the new American republic, writings of nineteenth-century jurists, debates over the carve-up of Africa, twentieth-century discussions of the status of polar territories, and the period of decolonisation.
Journal of the History of International Law 16 (2) (2014)
- Ronald Janse, ‘(Why) Was the World Bank Supposed to be a Nonpolitical Organization? An Interpretation of the Original Meaning and Rationale of Article 4(10) of the Articles of Agreement of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 1941-1948, pp. 113-155.
- Review Essay by Valentina Vadi on Benedict Kingsbury and Benjamin Strauman (eds.), The Roman Foundations of the Law of Nations. Alberico Gentili and the Justice of Empire (Oxford University Press, 2010), pp. 157-177.
- Book review by Robert Kolb of Carlo Focarelli, International Law as a Social Construct. The Struggle for Global Justice (Oxford University Press, 2012), pp. 179-193.
Isabel V. Hull
A Scrap of Paper. Breaking and Making International Law during the Great War (Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 2014).
- In this timely published study of the international law practices of France, Germany and Great Britain during World War I, the American historian Isabel Hull challenges the generally held opinion that international law only played a marginal role in the start and the waging of the war. In a first, introductory chapter, Hull argues that the myth of the irrelevance of international law stemmed from the success of the German campaign, in which the German government and German academia colluded, to discredit the Peace of Versailles. This campaign successfully implanted into mainstream historiography the thought that the allied victors had held Germany at Versailles to standards of international law which had not existed before. In her meticulous study of the wartime legal strategies and practices of Germany and the two Western-European allies, Hull persuasively proves that international law, in the applying as well as in the breaking, did play a significant role in these countries’ policies, towards one another and towards neutral states. Hull’s major conclusion is that whereas France and Great Britain identified strongly with international law as it was, over the war, Germany hardened in its position that put necessity at the centre of its decision-making and its understanding of international law. Often driving by the agenda of the military, Germany moved to the point where it made the construction of a new international law, based on necessity, self-preservation and the privileged right of a hegemonic power, a guideline as well as an object of the war itself. – R.L.
Sugar and the Making of International Trade Law (Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law, Cambridge University Press, 2014).
- From the back cover: This book traces the changing meaning of free trade over the past century through three sugar treaties and their concomitant institutions. The 1902 Brussels Convention is an example of how free trade buttressed the British Empire. The 1937 International Sugar Agreement is a story of how a group of Cubans renegotiated their state’s colonial relationship with the US through free trade doctrine and the League of Nations. And the study of the 1977 International Sugar Agreement maps the world of international trade law through a plethora of institutions such as the ITO, UNCTAD, GATT and international commodity agreements – all against the backdrop of competing Third World agendas. Through a legal study of free trade ideas, interests and institutions, this book highlights how the line between the state and market, domestic and international, and public and private is always a matter of contest.
New issue of European Journal of International Law
- The November 2014 issue of the European Journal of International Law (vol. 25) has published two historical articles in its series ‘The European Traditional of International Law’. Helmut Philipp Aust highlights the role of the former Russian diplomat André Mandelstam (1869-1949) in the emergence of the international protection of human rights during the two World Wars. Reut Yael Paz discusses the influence of Hans Kelsen on the intellectual development of Helen Silving-Ryu (1906-1993), the first female law professor in the US.
An Age of Neutrals. Great Powers Politics, 1815-1914 (Cambridge University Press, 2014)
- The rights and duties of neutrals formed one of the major concerns of international lawyers during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The roots of modern neutrality go back to the Late Middle ages, but it took to the mid of the 19th century before a consent started to emerge in international law about its legal implications. Between the Paris Declaration of 1856 on the maritime warfare and the Second Hague Peace Conference of 1907 and the Declaration of London of 1909 this consent was crystallized and the laws of neutrality were expanded, solidified and largely codified.
While this legal history of neutrality in the 19th century is well established in literature, few survey works have been written about its political context. Abbenhuis’s An Age of Neutrals fills this lacuna. Whereas neutrality is traditionally considered of marginal concern to the great power politics of the 19th century, Abbenhuis argues that it was one of the major instruments of peace and war management by the great powers in the context of the Concert of Europe, or even wider, on a global scale. Her book focuses on four major episodes: the decades immediately after Vienna, the Crimean War, the 1860 with the American Civil War and the wars for German unification, and the years from the First Hague Peace Conference to World War I. Though the narrative, it becomes clear how the great powers used different strategies to remain or support neutrality to limit the expansion of war, both by restricting the number of belligerents as by limiting its economic impact. Though this, she offers a contextual explanation for different crucial turns in the legal development of neutrality, and of its ultimate abandonment after 1914. – R.L.
New issue GrotianaGrotiana, New series 35 (2014)
- Grotiana latest volume collects a number of papers from the conference held at Potsdam in 2011 on the reception during the Enightenment of Hugo Grotius’ treatise De veritate religionis Christianae (1627). Grotius wrote this theological treatise during his time in prison in castle Loevenstein. It was the most popular of his writing during the Early Modern Age. The issue contains contributions by Jonathan Israel, Silke-Petra Bergjan, Jan Paul Heering, Günther Lottes, Sarah Mortimer, Yvonne Sherwood, Mark Somos, Th. Marius van Leeuwen and Christoph Bultmann. Further, there is also a short essay by Viola Heutger, Bastiaan van der Velden and Laurens Winkelon the editio prima of De iure belli ac pacis which belonged to Christoph Besold, and the annual bibliography of writings relating to Grotius, by Ingrid Kost.
Histoire du droit international. De l’Antiquité à la creation de l’ONU (Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2014).
- Over the last years, Dominique Gaurier has made a name for himself as the translator and editor of numerous classical texts of the early-modern law of nations. In 2005, he published a survey of the history of international law Histoire du droit international. Auteurs, doctrines et développement de l’Antiquité à l’aube de la période contemporaine. This book is a thoroughly revised, but also vastly expanded new edition of this work, having doubled in size to a generous 1137 pages. The author has exchanged the rather brief passages on the 19th and early 20th centuries from the first edition for a book-size second part. After a general chapter on major writers of international law, follow chapters on codification, dispute settlement, the laws of war, the expansion of the international community of states, regional organization, colonization, international organizations and the protection of the individual and minorities.
Oxford Historical Treaties
Oxford Historical Treaties (Oxford University Press), ed. Randall Lesaffer
- In September 2014, Oxford University Press has launched ‘Oxford Historical Treaties’ on its digital international law platform ‘Oxford Public International Law’. The site offers a vast collection of historical treaties in pdf-files. For now, it contains the 16,000 treaties collected in Clive Parry’s Consolidated Treaties Treaty Series, which was published between 1969 and 1981. The treaties date from the period between 1648 and 1919. There are plans to expand the collection with earlier treaties, and with some treaties of the period after 1648 which were not included in Parry. The treaties can now be searched through parties.
Randall Lesaffer (ed.)
The Twelve Years Truce (1609). Peace, Truce, War and Law in the Low Countries at the Turn of the 17th Century, Studies in the History of International Law 6 (Leiden and Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2014)
From the back cover:
The Twelve Years Truce of 9 April 1609 made a temporary end to the hostilities between Spain and the Northern Netherlands that had lasted for over four decades. The Truce signified a crucial step in the recognition of the Republic of the Northern Netherlands as a sovereign power. As the direct source of inspiration for the 1648 Peace of Munster the Truce is a crucial text in the formation of the early modern law of nations. As few other texts, it reflects the radical changes to the laws of war and peace from around 1600.
The Twelve Years Truce offers a collection of essays by leading specialists on the diplomatic and legal history of the Antwerp Truce of 1609. The first part covers the negotiation process leading up to the Truce. The second part collects essays on the consequences of the Truce on the state of war. In the third part, the consequences of the Truce for the sovereignty of the Northern and Southern Netherlands as well as it wider significance for the changing laws of war and peace of the age are scrutinized.
Stephen C. Neff
Justice Among Nations. A History of International Law (Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, 2014).
- From the dust cover:
Justice Among Nations tells the story of the rise of international law and how it has been formulated, debated, contested, and put into practice from ancient times to the present. Stephen Neff avoids technical jargon as he surveys doctrines from natural law to feminism, and practices from the Warring States of China to the international criminal courts of today.
Jan Martin Lemnitzer
Power, Law and the End of Privateering (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014).
- From the back cover:
The books offers an exciting new take on the relationship between law and power, exposing the delicate balance between great powers and small states that is necessary to create and enforce norms across the globe. The 1856 Declaration of Paris marks the precise moment when international law became universal, and it is the template for creating new norms until today. Moreover, the treaty was an aggressive and successful British move to end privateering forever – then the United States’ main weapon in case of war with Britain. Based on previously untapped archival sources, Jan Lemnitzer shows why Britain granted generous neutral rights in the Crimean War, how the Europeans forced the United States to respect international law during the American Civil War and why Bismarck threatened violent redemption during the Franco-German War of 1870/71. The powerful conclusion exposed the 19th-century roots of our present international system, and why it is as fragile as before the First World War.
Prisoners of War in the Hundred Years War. Ransom Culture in the Late Middle Ages (Cambridge University Press, 2013)
- The ransoming of prisoners of war is one of the most important institutions of late-medieval warfare. Besides the relevant chapters in Keen’s classical study of the late-medieval laws of war (1965) and Meron’s more recent Henry’s Wars and Shakespeare’s Laws (1993), hardly any survey-studies exist on the subject. Ambühl offers a thorough analysis of all major aspects of the process of captivity and ransom in the Hundred Years War (1337-1453). While the applicable laws are covered in the first chapter, the rest of the book discusses the different stages of the process from captivity to release, with special attention to the question of the provenance of financial means. This offers a vivid background to the complex legal reality ransom was. The central legal thesis of the book is that ransom was not legally covered in full by the law of arms or code of chivalry – the closest thing the Late Middle Ages had to a precedent to the laws of war – but that its legal regulation was subject to a great plurality and variety of sources. Whereas the laws of arms as well as royal ordinances of war were mostly concerned with preserving the rights of a captor of his captive in relation to third parties, the actual treatment of the captive and the agreement about ransom largely fell within the remit of private negotiations, and thus contract. One of the major conclusions of the book is that during the 15th century, there is a clear evolution towards the standardization of ransom tariffs for different categories of less-important captives, thus preparing the ground for the cartels and other general settlements of the Early Modern Age (RL).
Pierre-Mary Dupuy and Vincent Chetail (eds.)
The Roots of International Law/Les fondements du droit international. Liber amicorum Peter Haggenmacher, Studies in the History of International Law 5 (Leiden and Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2013).
- From the back cover:
This collection of essays gathers contributions from leading international lawyers from different countries, generations and angles with the aim of highlighting the multifaceted history of international law. This volume questions and analyses the origins and foundations of the international legal system. A particular attention is devoted to Hugo Grotius as one of the founding fathers of the law of nations. Several contributions further question the positivist tradition initiated by Vattel and endorsed by scholars of the 19th Century. This immersion in the intellectual origins of international law is enriched by an enquiry into the practice of the law of nations, including its main patterns and changing evolution as well as the role of non-western traditions and the impact of colonization.
James Q. Whitman
The Verdict of Battle. The Law of Victory and the Making of Modern War (Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, 2012).
- From the dust cover:
Today, war is considered as a last resort for resolving disagreements. But a day of staged slaughter on the battlefield was once seen as a legitimate means of settling political disputes. James Whitman argues that pitched battle was essentially a lawful verdict. And when this contained form of battle ceased to exist, the law of victory gave way to the rule of unbridled force. The Verdict of Battle explains why the ritualized violence of the past was more effective than modern warfare in bringing carnage to an end, and why humanitarian laws that cling to a notion of war as evil have led to longer, more barbaric conflicts.
John Fabian Witt
Lincoln’s Code. The Laws of War in American History (New York etc.: Freedom Press, 2012).
Pulitzer Prize Finalist, Bancroft Prize Winner
- From the dust cover:
In this pathbreaking and deeply original book, John Fabian Witt tells the hidden story of the laws of war in the first century of the United States – and of the extraordinary code that emerged from it to change the course of world history. Lincoln’s Code is the haunting and inspiring story of an idea in American history: the idea that conduct of war can be regulated by law. For many, the very idea of a law of war seemed like an oxymoron. But with sweeps and vitality, Witt unfolds the story of the cast of characters who invented the modern laws of war.
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