International Victimology Institute Tilburg

INTERVICT promotes and executes interdisciplinary research that can contribute to a comprehensive, evidence-based body of knowledge on the empowerment and support of victims of crime and abuse of power.

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Finalized Research Projects INTERVICT

2017

Sources of Stress for Bereaved of MH17 Victims

Researchers

  • Peter van der Velden
  • Erik van der Meulen

Commissioned by

  • Fonds Slachtofferhulp

Summary

The MH17 disaster (July 2014) caused the death of 298 people. In total, 193 out of 298 were of Dutch origin. To optimize the aftercare for the bereaved, a longitudinal study is conducted focussing on the mental health and care utilization, coping self-efficacy, experiences with received care and media exposure, daily and persistent disaster-related stressors.

Participants in this study are bereaved as well health, legal and law enforcement personnel. 

Scheduled date of completion

31 October 2017

Stories of Justice and Injustice: exploring Victims (NWO-VENI)

Researchers

  • Antony Pemberton
  • Pauline van Eck-Aarten
  • Eva Mulder
  • Irma Cleven

Commissioned by

  • NWO-VENI

Summary

A key victimological topic concerns victims’ perspectives on justice in the aftermath of crime and in particular the extent to which criminal justice meets victims justice needs. Previous research viewed victim satisfaction with the process as key to gauge the match between justice processes and victims interests, while more recently investigators have adopted various measures of therapeutic impact.

This proposal adopts a different approach. In line with recent developments in personality psychology, it recognizes the importance of personal narratives that individuals construct to make meaning and identity in the modern world. From this theoretical perspective the proposal draws its key notion that victims process their experience of crime and the justice reactions to crime through narrative.

The central question is to which extent and in which way do justice processes influence victims’ narratives of their experience? This question is queried through two concurrent subprojects. The first develops an approach developed by Baumeister and colleagues (1990) in which participants offer written narrative accounts of transgressions they have experienced (or committed). This approach is extended to include different justice-related reactions: apology, forgiveness and punishment.

In addition a qualitative field study of victims experiences with criminal justice is conducted. The victimisation and life narratives are analysed of co-victims of homicide, victims of non-fatal violence, participants in victim impact statements and restorative justice processes, before and after the outcome of the case/ the procedure. Does resolution of the criminal case matter for victims’ narratives? And does the importance depend on the victimisation experience and/ or extent of participation?

Scheduled date of completion

31 August 2017

Measuring resilience among police officers

Researchers

  • Kim Janssens MSc (INTERVICT)
  • Dr. Ruben Taris (Politie Academie)
  • Prof. dr. Marc van Veldhoven (TS Social and Behavioral Sciences; Department of Human Resource Studies)
  • Prof. dr. Peter van der Velden (INTERVICT)

Commissioned by

  • Politieacademie

Summary

People who want to work in the police, must go through an extensive assessment after their application. The assessment procedure is required by law and determines whether candidates fulfill the occupational profile and behavioral skills of police officers. Candidates are tested on their cognitive abilities, physical condition, personality and psychological health. This study is a validation study and focusses on the recruitment of police officers and the resilience of officers. The study is aimed to investigate the predictive value of the selection tools that measure resilience in the professional field during the assessment. First, literature and field research aims to identify which criterion variables are relevant in relation to resilience among police officers in the professional practice. After one year, a follow-up of the research will be decided.

Scheduled date of completion

1 July 2017

Inclusive Actors for Development Project

Researchers

  • Felix Ndahinda
  • Morag Goodwin

Commissioned by

  • NWO-WOTRO

Summary

Historically a hunter-gatherer community, the Batwa are the most vulnerable social group in Rwanda. This community has been marginalized in Rwanda with respect to education, housing, health, labour and property ownership (including access to land). Land and resource grabbing by members of other communities (Hutu and Tutsi) have aggravated Batwa exclusion.

This research project is investigating why in spite of official acknowledgement of Batwa vulnerability, attempts to remedy Batwa marginalization have not so far succeeded.

The key research hypothesis is that the framing of Batwa identity by a variety of actors at the local, national, regional and international levels constitutes a barrier to Batwa participation in development processes and plays a determining role in their persistent marginality and disempowerment.

Scheduled date of completion

1 February 2017

The Criminal Justice Response on Victims of Traffic Offences

Researchers

  • Suzan van der Aa
  • Kim Lens
  • Marc Groenhuijsen
  • Peter van der Velden

Commissioned by

  • Fonds Slachtofferhulp

Summary

This project is sponsored by the Dutch Fund for Victim Support (Fonds Slachtofferhulp).  The Fund for Victim Support has the impression that the criminal justice reaction to traffic offences is too ‘soft’ in comparison to the reaction to ‘regular’ offences. With the help of an analysis of legislation, case law and scholarly research, we try to establish how the public prosecution service and the courts have interpreted various legal concepts in relation to traffic offences (e.g., ‘recklessness’) in practice, and to what extent their interpretation is in line with the intention of the legislator. In addition, we will empirically assess the victims’ satisfaction with the manner in which the criminal justice system has handled their case.

Status

Completed

2016

Victim-Oriented Reform of the Criminal Justice System in the EU

Researchers

  • Antony Pemberton
  • Eva Mulder
  • Benny van der Vorm

Commissioned by

  • EU - DG Justice

Summary

2012 could prove to be a milestone year for the position of victims of crime in criminal proceedings across Europe. The EU adopted a directive on minimum standards concerning the rights, support and protection of victims of crime, which will replace the EU Framework Decision on the same topic.

The directive seeks to remedy many of the established shortcomings of the Framework Decision (see Project ‘Victims in Europe’). It is considerably more forceful in the phrasing of its articles, while significantly expanding the scope. The instrument therefore offers the promise of victim-oriented reform of the criminal process across Member States of the EU.

After implementation the needs of victims, in terms of ensuring respectful treatment, protection, support, access to justice, restoration and compensation, should be better protected throughout Europe.

Publication

Trafficking as a Criminal Enterprise

Researchers

  • Conny Rijken
  • Alice Bosma
  • Esmah Lahlah
  • Annick Pijnenburg
  • Toine Spapens
  • Peter van der Velden
  • Pien van der Ven

Commissioned by

  • EU - FP7

Summary

Trafficking as a Criminal Enterprise (TRACE) aims to support stakeholders in combating and disrupting human trafficking, one of the largest criminal enterprises in the world, by assessing and consolidating information surrounding the perpetrators and the wider trafficking enterprise.

TRACE adopts a multi-disciplinary approach: legal, criminological, socio-economical, psychological and law enforcement-oriented, in order to provide a full account of the phenomenon, and build upon on-going European and national projects and activities.

It will focus on the activities of the perpetrators by developing an understanding of the structure, social relationships, modus operandi, travel routes and technologies associated with different types of human trafficking (human trafficking for sexual exploitation, labour exploitation, forced criminal activities etc.).

Based on the analysis of perpetrators’ behaviour TRACE seeks to be able to better identify who is in danger of being trafficked and furthermore, who is vulnerable to becoming involved in human trafficking.

Publication

2015

The Victimization Experience and the Radicalisation Process

Researchers

  • Antony Pemberton
  • Pauline van Eck-Aarten
  • Eva Mulder

Commissioned by

  • EU - ISEC / DG Home Affairs

Summary

This project proposes to investigate two aspects of the victim of terrorism experience; 1) the victim-perpetrator cycle in terrorism and political violence, a process that has been identified not only amongst those who experience terrorism, but also amongst other victims of crime.

The first aspect is to comprehend the process itself and to understand this through accessing the victims and perpetrators of terrorism and political violence. This will be made possible through existing networks the authors of this proposal have built up as part of an existing project on an analysis of victims needs in Northern Ireland, the Basque Country and London and 2) to investigate the role of victims in preventing the perpetuation of the victim – perpetrator cycle and the prevention of terrorism and political violence in general.

This will be achieved through ethnographic data collection methods with victims of terrorism and political violence who currently work with youth in the victim sector in Northern Ireland , the Basque country, London, but also in the Netherlands where there is an active sector aimed at preventing right wing extremism amongst youth; this analysis will consider the role of restorative justice projects with victims and perpetrators of political violence but also youth programs that engage with former violent extremists as part of their counter narrative/counter radicalisation education programs.

Slachtoffers van Medische Missers

Researchers

  • Jan van Dijk
  • Suzan van der Aa

Commissioned by

  • SASS Achmea

Summary

In de Eerste Kamer is een wetsvoorstel in behandeling over de rechten van patiënten in de gezondheidszorg (Wet Clientenrechten Zorg). In deze wet zal worden vastgelegd dat alle instellingen van gezondheidszorg klachtenfunctionarissen moeten aanstellen. In de discussie over dit wetsvoorstel ligt de nadruk op de afhandeling van financiële claims van patiënten door onafhankelijke geschilleninstanties. Minder aandacht wordt besteed aan de rol van klachtenfunctionarissen in de opvang en begeleiding van patiënten met vragen en/of klachten over de bejegening en/of behandeling door zorgverleners. Onder geraadpleegde deskundigen bestaat het vermoeden dat bij een optimale invulling van deze eerste fase van klachtenafhandeling veel mogelijke problemen tot tevredenheid van alle betrokken partijen kunnen worden opgelost. De Vereniging van Klachtenfunctionarissen in Instellingen voor Gezondheidszorg (VKIG) heeft een traject geëntameerd ter verdere professionalisering van de functie van klachtenfunctionaris. Daartoe zijn onder meer functie-eisen en een beroepsprofiel opgesteld. In overleg met het bestuur van de Vereniging heeft Tilburg University besloten een inventariserend onderzoek uit te voeren naar de huidige invulling van de functie van klachtenfunctionarissen in de Nederlandse ziekenhuizen. De vraagstelling van het onderzoek is: in hoeverre passen klachtenfunctionarissen in hun dagelijkse werkzaamheden de verschillende elementen van het door de VKIG opgestelde beroepsprofiel toe, en welke verbeterpunten kunnen worden aangegeven in dit functioneren?

Completed

November 2015

Publication

Integrated Restorative Justice Models for Victims and Youth:

Researcher

  • Antony Pemberton

Commissioned by

  • EU - ISEC / DG Home Affairs

Summary

The general objective is to promote the integration of victims and victim protection within existing restorative justice practices in the juvenile justice system in order to:

  1. highlight and take advantage of existing best practices both within restorative justice and victim-specific services and
  2. reinforce cooperation between juvenile justice institutions, restorative justice organizations and organizations that support crime victims.

Pilots Herstelbemiddeling

Researchers

  • Antony Pemberton
  • Kim Lens
  • Irma Cleven

Commissioned by

  •   WODC

Summary

Research and Documentation Centre (WODC) of the Dutch department of Security and Justice awarded the contract to evaluate the pilots into mediation in criminal justice over the coming two years. The research project foresees to offer policy-relevant information, that will allow the Justice department to move forward with the introduction of restorative justice into the Dutch penal process, but at the same time seeks to advance scientific understanding in restorative justice in at least three ways.

First it will allow us to understand more clearly the selection processes involved in choosing to participate in restorative justice. Second it will explicitly study the data of participating victims and offenders together, using the method dyadic data analysis. Finally it will query the costs and benefits of victim-offender mediation.

For the latter goal INTERVICT-researchers Kim Lens and Antony Pemberton (project-leader) will be advised by Professor Carl Koopmans from SEO Economic research and the Free University of Amsterdam, a renowned expert in the field of societal cost-benefit analyses.

Publication

  • Report available December 2015

Agressie en Geweld Tegen Ambulancepersoneel

Researchers

  • Peter van der Velden
  • Mark Bosmans

Commissioned by

  • Ministerie Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijks relaties

Summary

Ambulance personnel are at risk to be confronted with aggression and other potentially traumatic events. Aim of the present longitudinal study is to assess predictors of aggression, the number of traumatic potentially traumatic events that are aggression related and to what extent personnel are able to prevent escalations when facing aggression.

Publication

  • in review

Protection Orderds in the EU

Mapping the legislation and assessing the impact of Protection Orders in the European Member States (POEMS)

Consortium

  • APAV Portugal
  • University of Helsinki
  • University of Naples
  •  INTERVICT

Researchers

  • Suzan van der Aa,
  • Lorena Sosa,
  • Rianne Letschert

Commissioned by

  • This project is funded by the European Union EU Directorates-General Justice, Program JUST/2011-2012/DAP/AG
European Union logo

Summary

This research project wishes aims to give an accurate, in-depth, and up to date reflection of the state-of-the-art in protection order legislation in the European Member States. It wants to develop a comparative and analytical perspective on the current state of protection order legislation within the EU Member States (e.g., by grouping the Member States according to a 'protection order typology' which reflects the different approaches to protection), to learn more about the actual functioning of the different protection order regimes in Europe, to identify promising practices and possible gaps in protection, and to assess whether the European Protection Order would be able to function well if the levels of protection differ across the EU. The project's overall goal is to raise awareness and understanding of protection order legislation, to inspire and inform legislative change, and, ultimately, to increase the safety and protection of victims of stalking and IPV.

Publication

2014

A comparative Analysis of Nationality Laws in the MENA Region

Researchers

  • Laura van Waas
  • Zahra Albarazi

Sponsored by

  • Open Society Foundations

Publications

  • SSRN working paper
  • Final report still to be published in November 2015 and presented at regional civil society workshop which will be convened by Legal Agenda and Frontiers in Beirut in November 2016

The Nexus Between Statelessness and Human trafficking

Researching the nexus between statelessness and human trafficking. The example of Thailand.

Researchers

  • Laura van Waas
  • Conny Rijken
  • Martin Gramatikov
  • Deirdre Brennan

Sponsored by

  • US Department of State

Publication

Statelessness and Forced Displacement

Researcher

  • Zahra Albarazi

Commissioned by

  • Norwegian Refugee Council

Publications

The Human Rights Impact of Statelessness in the EU's External Action

Researcher

  • Laura van Waas

Commissioned by

  • European Parliament, DG for External Policies

Publication

Treatment of Traumatized Victims of Trafficking.

Treatment of traumatized victims of trafficking for the purpose of a coherent or consistent testimony. An international exploratory study

Bejegening van getraumatiseerde slachtoffers van mensenhandel ten behoeve van coherente of consistente getuigenverklaringen. Een internationaal verkennende studie.

Researchers

  • Peter van der Velden
  • Fanny Klerx-van Mierlo

Commissioned by

  • WODC

Publication

Evaluatie training mentale kracht

Researchers

  • Stefan Bogaerts
  • Peter van der Velden
  • Kim Lens
  • Esmah Lahlah

Commissioned by

  • WODC

Summary

De training Mentale Kracht betreft een innovatief trainingsprogramma dat erop gericht is om politieagenten fysiologische en psychologische stress gerelateerd aan gezondheidsfactoren te leren beheersen. Het programma werkt in op stress-regulatie en er worden zelfregulatietechnieken aangeleerd om stress te verminderen en gezondheid te verhogen. In dit onderzoek wordt geëvalueerd wat op basis van de wetenschappelijke onderbouwing van de training Mentale Kracht gesteld kan worden over de verwachte effectiviteit van de training.

Tevens wordt onderzocht in hoeverre de training Mentale Kracht wordt uitgevoerd zoals beschreven in de traininghandleiding. Ten slotte wordt bekeken of het volgen van de training bijdraagt aan het bereiken van de doelstellingen van het programma professionele weerbaarheid.

Publication

Tools for Validation & Utilisation of EU Statistics on Human Trafficking

Consortium

  • University of Barcelona
  • INTERVICT

Third parties

  • National Reporter on Human Trafficking of the Netherlands

INTERVICT Researchers

  • Jan van Dijk
  • Leontien van der Knaap
  • Marcello Aebi

Commissioned by

  • European Union (Prevention of and Fight againts Crime THB - ISEC 2011 Action Grant)

Summary

The project will apply the proven methodology of the European Sourcebook of Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics (www.europeansourcebook.org) to the EU THB statistics that will be be collected under the Action Plan 2010-2015 on Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics. THB statistics for 2008, 2009 and 2010, as defined in Guidelines prepared by the Commission, will in 2012 be supplied by Single Persons of Contact (SPOC's) to Eurostat, in consultation with the National Rapporteurs or Equivalents of the Member States. The project will strengthen the comparability of these statistics through a system of validation by experts of the Rapporteurs (Correspondents). The second phase of the project will focus on the utilization of the future EU THB statistics. The research group will design quantitative indicators based on the EU THB statistics which can be used to monitor national and EU- wide THB policies. These indicators will include both composite indices of anti-trafficking policies building on the work of Goettingen University (funded under ISEC 2009) and specific performance indicators such as for example the percentages of victims receiving assistance and the ratio between total numbers of identified and assumed victims and the total numbers of prosecutions/convictions. In addition, proposals will be formulated about the possible use of certain statistics as early warning signals for example on new forms, markets or victim groups, which can be communicated to alert relevant authorities in the EU and/or member states to emerging trends.

Publication

Right to Quality Services for Victims of Crime (VICS)

Consortium

  • APAV Portugal
  • Weisser Ring Germany
  • Victim Support Scotland
  • INAVEM, France
  • INTERVICT

Researchers

  • Leontien van der Knaap
  • Antony Pemberton

Summary

The central notion of the project is that experience of quality in victim assistance relates to the extent to which the services match victims' needs. Measuring this match entails querying victims' experiences with services and their relative importance. To implement a research instrument that measures the quality of the victim assistance can enrich each partner organisation with a clear and updated view of the services provided to victims in the several organisations that deal directly with them (police, prosecution, judiciary, victim support).Hence, the core objective of this Project is to develop a valid instrument to measure the quality of the victim assistance, as experienced by the victims in the partner countries (Portugal, the Netherlands, Scotland, Germany, France).

Publications

2013

Mensenhandel: het slachtofferperspectief

Een erkennende studie naar behoeften en belangen van slachtoffers mensenhandel in Nederland.

Researchers

  • Conny Rijken
  • Jan van Dijk
  • Fanny Klerx-van Mierlo

Commissioned by

  • Fonds Slachtofferhulp

Publication

Little Survivors by Birth and Crying (VIB)

Researchers

  • Hedwig van Bakel
  • Hannah Hoffenkamp
  • Anneke Tooten
  • Ruby Hall

Commissioned by

  • Stichting Achmea Slachtoffer en Samenleving

Publication

Interventies tegen agressie in de zorg

Wat werkt en wat niet?

Interventions against aggression in healthcare. What works and what does not?

Researchers

  • Meike Fijneman
  • Rianne Letschert

Commissioned by

  • Stichting Achmea Slachtoffer en Samenleving

Publication

Threat and Intimidation of Mayors

Researchers

  • Stefan Bogaerts
  • Herman Holtmaat
  • Lynn van Dee
  • Nadine Speessen

Commissioned by

  • Nederlands Genootschap van Burgemeesters (Dutch Society of Mayers)

Summary

Through a brief literature scan and group discussions attempts will be made to obtain insights in the prevention of threats and unwanted situations for mayors.

Aard, omvang en handhaving van beschermingsbevelen

Nature, scope and enforcement of protection orders in the Netherlands.

Researchers

  • Dr. mr. S. van der Aa
  • Drs. K.M.E. Lens
  • Drs. F. Klerx
  • M.W.C. Bosmans MSc.

Student Assistants

  • Alice Bosma
  • Margriet van den Bosch

Commissioned by

  • WODC

Summary

On 13 December 2011, Directive 2011/99/EU of the European Parliament and the Council on the European Protection Order came into force. It forms the legal basis for mutual recognition of criminal and administrative protection orders issued in the Member States. A protection order is a prohibition to enter a certain street or area, to contact a person, to enter ones home, or another legal order which tries to influence someone’s behavior or limit his or her freedom with the aim of protecting (an)other person(s). When a protection order is issued in an EU Member State, the victim no longer has to initiate legal proceedings when he or she moves to or stays in another Member State. Thanks to the European Protection Order, the victim is automatically protected in the country of destination. In this study, commissioned by the WODC, INTERVICT researches the nature and prevalence of protection orders in the Netherlands, and the manner in which protection orders are enforced upon violation.

Publication

Human Rights / Terrorist Hostage-Taking

Researchers

  • Prof.dr. R.M. Letschert
  • Dr. M.F. Ndahinda

Assisting Intern

  • M. McAuliffe

Commissioned by

  • UN Human Rights Council Advisory Committee

Summary

This report explores the human rights implications of terrorist hostage-taking incidents for the hostages, their families, and local communities. It further studies the impact of payment of ransoms for the liberation of hostages.

In addition to gathering information about the nature and scope of terrorist hostage-taking incidents, the report examines the best practices by states or intergovernmental bodies in dealing with the phenomenon.

The report further pays particular attention to the cooperation necessary to address terrorist hostage-taking.

Invisible Victims?

Ethnic differences in the risk of juvenile violent delinquency of Dutch and Moroccan-Dutch adolescent boys

Researchers

  • A. Lahlah

Commissioned by

  • Provincie Noord-Brabant

Summary

In the past decades we have witnessed a surge in public interest, social intervention, and new public policies aimed separately at ending domestic violence and youth violence. So far, the themes domestic violence and youth violence are often viewed as separate problems. However, a growing body of clinical experience and research reveals that children growing up in violent families are more likely to engage in youth violence. In this study, both forms of violence are examined to see whether and if so, how they interact. Given the overrepresentation of Moroccan boys in the juvenile justice system, it is of importance to develop a research framework on cultural differences in the risk for delinquency among Moroccan-Dutch and Native-Dutch youngsters exposed to domestic violence.

Personenschade en de Wet tegemoetkoming schade bij Rampen

Researching Revision of Act on Compensation of damages caused by disasters.

Researchers

  • Prof.dr. R.M. Letschert
  • M.J. Middelburg
  • dr J.D.W.E. Mulder (SEO)

Commissioned by

  • Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek en Documentatie Centrum (WODC)

Summary

In the Netherlands most damages caused by disasters and larger accidents are being covered by insurances. Yet there are situations that victims in the end are being confronted with big financial losses. For example insurance companies often do not cover damages caused by earthquakes, floods and terroristic assaults. To be able to provide victims in these cases with a financial allowance the Dutch government created the 'Law Allowance Damage of Disasters' (Wet Tegemoetkoming Schade bij Rampen - Wts). This law is effective since 1998 and can be declared applicable by the Minister of Internal Affairs after a disaster or large accident took place. Today Wts is almost 15 years in operation and at the point of being revised. This revision will in particular look at the right balance between legal certainty and flexibility and adding personal damages as possible allowance category. INTERVICT is performing this research with SEO Sociaal Economisch Onderzoek (Social Economical Research).

Publication

A victim's perspective on the human right:

Based approach to Trafficking in Human Beings; research on cost-benefit analyses by victims

Researchers

  • J.J.M. van Dijk
  • C.R.J.J. Rijken
  • F. Klerx-van Mierlo

Commissioned by

  • Fonds Slachtofferhulp (Victim Support Fund)

Summary

In most countries, including the Netherlands, access to support and protection facilities is made dependent on the will to cooperate with law enforcement authorities. Victims are often perceived as poor and helpless persons but in the trafficking process it is presumed that they make a calculation and take decisions based on that calculation, for instance, whether they will make use of the facilities or not. This research focus on this mechanism of cost-benefit analyses by victims of THB. Interviews will be conducted and focusgroups will be established in order to get an insight in this mechanism. This insight will help us to answer the question whether support and protection offered fits the needs of these victims.

Publication available

2012

Female Genital Mutilation

(Study to map the current situation and trends of Female Genital Mutilation)

Conducted by

  • Ghent University 
  • A. Middelburg

Commissioned by

  • European Institute for Gender Equality

Publication

Solistische Dreigers:

Ontwikkeling van een instrument voor risicotaxatie van solistische dreigers

Lone wolves and stalkers: Developing a stalking risk assessment tool

Researchers

  • S. Bogaerts
  • P. Okur
  • M. Willems
  • L. vdr Knaap

Commissioned by

  • WODC

Publication

Victims and restorative Justice:

An empirical study of the needs, experiences and position of victims within restorative justice practices

Researchers

  • Dr. A. Pemberton
  • Drs. M.W.G. Bosmans

Commissioned by

  • European Union (Criminal Justice - DG Justice)

Summary

The general objective of the project is to gain more insight - through empirical evidence - about the needs, experiences and position of victims when participating in RJ programs. The aim is to set up empirical research in several European countries, in a comparative way. The enhanced knowledge must finally support the assistance to victims and the sound implementation of RJ programs in Europe. The research will focus on the two most important models of RJ applied in the context of criminal justice, namely victim-offender mediation and conferencing. Both adult and juvenile justice will be addressed.

Publication

Reparations for Victims in the Middle East and North-Africa

Developing Adequate Responses for Victims of Serious Human Rights Violations and International Crimes in the MENA Region. A feasibility study.

Researchers

  • Prof.dr. R.L. Letschert
  • Dr. A. Pemberton
  • Dr. M.F. Ndahinda
  • Dr. A.M. de Brouwer

Assisting Interns

  • S. Musa
  • M. de Boer

Commissioned by

  • INTERVICT
  • Global Justice Institute
  • REDRESS
  • War Trauma

Summary

This project addresses the complexities of rendering justice and addressing psychosocial healing and recovery in the MENA region, and in what way (or not) the needs and interests of victims/survivors are accommodated. The first phase of the project sets the stage for a longer-term initiative which might result in new projects in which we develop and implement a victimological framework in the Middle East/North Africa region, which may feed into global efforts in this regard, which would address the most crucial issues for victims/survivors of crimes in and around war zones and areas of civil unrest.

Publications

Straftoemeting slachtoffers met bijzondere kwalificatie

Researchers

  • Dr. A. Pemberton
  • Drs. M.W.G. Bosmans

Commissioned by

  • Raad voor de Rechtspraak

Summary

To what extent does the judicial verdict correspond with the Public prosecutor's demand in cases with qualifying victims, how does this compare to cases without qualifying victims and what does this imply for the impact of the Prosecutorial guideline concerning qualifying victims?

Publiction

Victimization of patients with severe mental illness:

A nationwide multi-site study /
Victimisatie van patiënten met ernstige psychiatrische problematie: Een landelijke multi-site studie 

Researchers

  • S. Bogaerts
  • J. Henrichs
  • N. Mulder (Erasmus MC)
  • A. Kamperman (Erasmus MC)

Commissioned by

  • NWO

Indexing Trafficking in Human Beings:

Gauging its Trends, Causes and Consequences in the European Dimension

Consortium

  • Universität Göttingen (Germany)
  • INTERVICT
  • London School of Economics and Political Science (UK)

INTERVICT Researchers

  • J.J.M. van Dijk
  • F. Klerx-van Mierlo
  • P. Okur

Commissioned by

  • European Union (Action Grant - DG Justice, Freedom and Security)

Publications

2011

Interventies bij huiselijk geweld :

Vergelijkend onderzoek naar het huisverbod en reguliere interventies in de regio’s Midden- en West-Brabant

Interventions in Domestic Violence. Comparative research on the restraining order and regular interventions in Mid and Western Brabant

Researchers

  • R. Römkens
  • S.van der Aa
  • K. Lens
  • M. Oskam

Commissioned by

  • Provincie Noord-Brabant, gemeente Tilburg

Publication

Tailor-made Social Skills Training

Sociale Vaardigheidstraining op maat

Researchers

  • L.M. van der Knaap
  • S. Bogaerts
  • N.M.P.G. Speessen
  • L.C.A. van Dee

Commissioned by

  • WODC (Research Documentation Centre, Ministry of Security and Justice)

Publication

Secundary Analysis Data Domestic Violence

Secundaire Analyse Huiselijk Geweld

Researchers

  • S. Bogaerts
  • H. van der Veen
  • M. Spreen
  • B. Koudstaal
  • E. Leenaars

Commissioned by

  • WODC (Research Documentation Centre, Ministry of Security and Justice)

Publication

Realising Rights:

Mapping content and assessing impact of EU legislation on violence against women and children

Consortium

  • INTERVICT
  • University of Osnabrück (Germany)
  • CWASU – London Metropolitan University (UK)

Researchers

  • R. Römkens
  • F. Klerx-van Mierlo
  • L. Sosa

Commissioned by

  • European Union (Daphne III - DG Justice, Freedom and Security)

Publication

Methodologisch onderzoek op het gebied van ADHD/PTSD

Researchers

Commissioned by

Summary

This project addresses the relation between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) using a clinical sample of 201 forensic psychiatric patients (male and female) in the Netherlands. Data on demographics, different types of psychopathology, victimization and delinquency, and psychiatric history during childhood and adolescence have been obtained from medical registries and/or are based on structured clinical interviews and psychiatric diagnosis. Apart from investigating overlap and co-morbidity between ADHD and PTSD, we will examine predictors and correlates of PTSD.

The results of the first study will be used for a second more theoretical study. In this study, the dimensional overlap (co-morbidity) between ADHD and PTSD will be described and explained. Using a psychological dimensional framework, rather than a categorical approach, we will search for and address theoretical foundations concerning the core of the concept of PTSD. This is to join the discussions currently being conducted in the DSM-V recommendation board on PTSD about the existence of PTSD as an independent diagnostic concept.

Quality measurement for victim assistance

Vervolg Kwaliteitsmeting Slachtofferzorg

Researchers

  • F. Klerx-van Mierlo
  • A. Pemberton
  • I.A.J. Lodewijks

Commissioned by

  • WODC (Research Documentation Centre, Ministry of Security and Justice)

Publication

2010

Behandeling en onderzoek gericht op Forensische Victimologie ...

.. en het peri-en post incarceration syndroom 

Treatment and research from Forensic Victimological perspectives and peri and post incarceration syndrome

Researchers

  • S. Bogaerts

Commissioned by

  • Forensisch Psychiatrische Kliniek De Kijvelanden

Publication

  • Report available at request 

Oral Victim Statement Impact Act in the Netherlands

Het spreekrecht in Nederland: Een bijdrage aan het emotioneel herstel van slachtoffers

Researchers

  • A. Pemberton (PL)
  • M. Groenhuijsen
  • K. Lens

Commissioned by

  • WODC, Research and Documentation Centre of the Dutch Ministry of Justice

Publication

Straftoemeting bij geweld tegen kwalificerende slachtoffers

Researchers

  • A. Pemberton (PL)
  • I. Lodewijks
  • M. Laxminarayan
  • S. van der Aa

Commissioned by

  • Raad voor de Rechtspraak

Publication

Study on Crime Victimisation

Consortium

  • INTERVICT
  • University of Lausanne

Researchers

  • J.J.M. van Dijk (PL)
  • J. van Kesteren

Commissioned by

  • Eurostat

Publication

Standardise national legislation on violence against women and children

Feasibility study to assess the possibilities, opportunities and needs to standardise national legislation on violence against women, violence against children and sexual orientation violence

Consortium

  • Human European Consultancy (Netherlands)
  • INTERVICT
  • University of Osnabrück (Germany)
  • CWASU – London Metropolitan University (UK)

Researchers

  • R. Römkens (PL)
  • R. Letschert
  • L. Sosa
  • Conny Rijken
  • S. van der Aa
  • M. Groenhuijsen

Commissioned by

  • European Commission

Publication

An approach to organized crime in three experimental gardens

Aanpak georganiseerde misdaad in drie proeftuinen

Researchers

  • S. Bogaerts

Commissioned by

  • WODC, Research and Documentation Centre of the Dutch Ministry of Justice

Publication

Increasing Self Awareness

Consortium

  • Associazione Differenza Donna ONLUS (Italy)
  • INTERVICT
  • Slachtofferhulp Nederland (Netherlands)
  • Scottish Victim Support
  • Portuguese Association for Victim Support (APAV)
  • Instituto Nacional de Polícia e Ciências Criminais (Spain)

Researchers

  • F.W. Winkel (PL)
  • K. Lens

Commissioned by

  • European Commission

Publication

Domestic violence in the Netherlands

Huiselijk Geweld in Nederland. Overkoepelend syntheserapport van het vangst-, hervangst-, slachtoffer- en daderonderzoek 2007-2010

Researchers

  • H.C.J. van der Veen
  • S. Bogaerts

Commissioned by

  • WODC, Research and Documentation Centre of the Dutch Ministry of Justice

Publication

2009

Compensation for Victims of Violent Crime

Compensatie na Geweld

Researchers

  •  J. Mulder

Commissioned by

  • INTERVICT

Publication

Risicotaxatie van Herhaald Slachtofferschap bij partnergeweld:

Handleiding bij de SARA-PV

Risk Assessment of repeated victimisation of partner abuse: Guide to the SARA-PV (Spousal Assault Risk Assessment Police Version)

Researchers

  • F.W. Winkel (PL)
  • A. Baldry
  • K. Kuijpers
  • A. Pemberton

Commissoned by

  • Stichting Achmea Slachtoffer en Samenleving

Publication

Gaps in the Dutch victim support system

Leemten in de slachtofferhulpverlening. Resultaten van een verkennend, kwalitatief onderzoek onder verschillende categorieën gedupeerden van ingrijpende gebeurtenissen

Researchers

  • J. van Dijk (PL)
  • F. Klerx-van Mierlo

Commissioned by

  • Fonds Slachtofferhulp

Publication available

Victimisation by Fraud:

An explorative study into the impact of various types of financial-economic crimes /

Slachtofferschap van Fraude. Een explorerend onderzoek naar de impact van diverse vormen van financieel-economische criminaliteit

Researchers

  • J. van Dijk (PL)
  • M. Kunst

Commissioned by

  • Raad van Hoofdcommissarissen van de Politie

Publication

Quality of Victim Assistance

An Instrument to Measure the quality of Victim Assistance /

Van Tevredenheid naar Kwaliteit. Een meetinstrument voor de slachtofferzorg

Researchers

  • A. Pemberton (PL)
  • F. Klerx-van Mierlo
  • R. van Tol

Commissioned by

  • WODC, Research and Documentation Centre of the Dutch Ministry of Justice

Publication

Victims in Europe:

Implementation of the EU Framework Decision on the standing of victims in the criminal proceedings in the Member States of the European Union

Consortium

  • Portuguese Association for Victim Support (APAV)
  • 19 other partners (see: page 15 of the report)

Researchers

  • A. Pemberton (PL)
  • R.Letschert
  • S. van der Aa
  • M. Groenhuijsen
  • R. van Merriënboer

Commissioned by

  • European Commisson

Publication

2008

Needs of Victims of Crime

Behoeften van slachtoffers van delicten

Researchers

  • K.F. Kuijpers
  • A. ten Boom

Commissioned by

  • WODC, Research and Documentation Centre of the Dutch Ministry of Justice

Publication

Evaluation of the criminal proceedings directive:

with regards to civil servants /

Evaluatie Strafvorderingsrichtlijn kwalificerende slachtoffers

Researchers

  • R. Letschert (PL)
  • F.W. Winkel
  • A. Pemberton
  • J. van Kesteren
  • S. van der Aa
  • B. van der Vorm

Commissioned by

  • WODC, Research and Documentation Centre of the Dutch Ministry of Justice

Publication

Evaluation of the Agression and Violence Monitor:

for Dutch Prison Personell /

Evaluatiestudie vragenlijst voor de Monitor Agressie en Geweld voor de dienst Justitiële Inrichtingen

Researchers

  • J.N. van Kesteren

Commissioned by

  • Dienst Justitiële Inrichtingen

Publication

Evaluation of the project Repeat Victimisation

Herhaald Slachtofferschap. Evaluatie van het project “Herhaald Slachtofferschap”

Researchers

  • M. Kunst
  • M. Bruinsma
  • J. van Haaf
  • J. de Muijnck

Commissioned by

  • WODC, Research and Documentation Centre of the Dutch Ministry of Justice

Publication

Prevention of Repeat Victimisation:

A Research Synthesis on measures to prevent repeat victimisation /
Preventie van herhaald slachtofferschap. Een researchsynthese van maatregelen ter voorkoming van herhaling

Researchers

  • M. Kunst
  • J. van Dijk
  • A. Pemberton
  • M. Bruinsma

Commissioned by

  • WODC, Research and Documentation Centre of the Dutch Ministry of Justice

Publication

Developing standards for assistance to victims of terrorism

Consortium

  • European Forum for Restorative Justice (Belgium)
  • Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence (UK)
  • K.U. Leuven (Belgium)
  • INTERVICT
  • Slachtofferhulp Nederland (Netherlands)

Researchers

  • R. Letschert (PL)
  • A. Pemberton
  • J. van Dijk
  • K. Ammerlaan

Commissioned by

  • European Commission

Publication

2007

Aggression and violence, posttraumatic stress, and absenteeism:

Among employees in penitentiaries /

Onderlinge agressie en geweld, posttraumatische stress en arbeidsverzuim in penitentiaire inrichtingen

Researchers

  • M.J.J. Kunst
  • S. Schweizer
  • S. Bogaerts

Commissioned by

  • WODC, Research and Documentation Centre of the Dutch Ministry of Justice

Publication

Feasibility study for a convention against domestic violence

Researchers

  • R. Römkens
  • R.M. Letschert

Commissioned by

  • CDPC, Directorate General of Human Rights and Legal Affairs

Publication

Nature and extent of aggression and violence:

against employees in a public function /

Aard en omvang agressie en geweld tegen werknemers met een publieke taak

Researchers

  • M. van Vugt
  • S. Bogaerts

Commissioned by

  • Ministery of Interior

Publication

2006

Tevredenheid van slachtoffers met ‘rechtspleging’ en slachtofferhulp:

Een victimologische en rechtspsychologische secundaire analyse

Researchers

  • F.W. Winkel
  • A.C. Spapens
  • R.M. Letschert

Commissioned by

  • WODC, Research and Documentation Centre of the Dutch Ministry of Justice

Publication

Promising programmes to prevent violence

Veelbelovende programma’s ter preventie van geweld

Researchers

  • S. Schweizer
  • M. Kunst

Commissioned by

  • WODC,Research and Documentation Centre of the Dutch Ministry of Justice

Publication