The Resilience and Evolution of Economic Activism and the Role of Law (REVEAL)

REVEAL

The ‘Resilience and Evolution of Economic Activism and the Role of Law’ (REVEAL) research project investigates the origins and causes of the dominance of private rule-making bodies, focusing on their mutability and resilience. It does so by addressing the following research question: what enabling conditions, innate traits and mechanics allow for the transformation, adaptability and resilience of private rule-making bodies amid exogenous regulatory shocks and how does the law perpetuates this dominance?

Project description

The global financial crisis put basic tenets of neoliberalism into question. Previous crises on product safety also exemplified the limits of delegating regulatory power. However, in the medium run, private regulatory bodies re-assume their previous powerful status and continue to exert large, and seemingly unconstrained, influence on the functioning of economic activity.

This research project investigates the origins and causes of the dominance of private rule-making bodies, focusing on their mutability and resilience. It does so by addressing the following research question: what enabling conditions, innate traits and mechanics allow for the transformation, adaptability and resilience of private rule-making bodies amid exogenous regulatory shocks and how does the law perpetuates this dominance?

This project develops a multidisciplinary conceptual framework to analyse structures, institutional design and adaptive/resilience strategies in 10 non-public regulatory bodies and their public law counterparts. Data are collected via qualitative methods (interviews with key individuals, direct observations, historical institutionalism, process tracing) to identify trajectories of change and causation spanning three decades.

This research is groundbreaking in three ways:

  1. by delving into the peculiarities of private collective action, it sets the basis for a new theory of creation, evolution and resilience of such action;
  2. by integrating multiple disciplines, it innovates methodologically and offers a multidisciplinary and thus more comprehensive theory of private action in the service of future generations of researchers and policymakers;
  3. by collecting data and theorizing on a largely unexplored (from an empirical viewpoint) area such as transnational standard-setting, it revisits the promises, flaws and limits of technocratic rule, results in a more balanced understanding of transnational regulatory governance, and resolutely offers a regulatory theory for private regulatory bodies.

In this respect, the project focuses on standardization in key areas of economic activity - financial services and goods & manufacturing. REVEAL is carried out by the Principal Investigator, Prof. Panos Delimatsis, Assistant Professors Dr. Enrico Partiti, Dr. Stéphanie Bijlmakers, and Dr. Konrad Borowicz, and two PhD-students (Shanya Ruhela and  (Zuno Verghese).

Team members

Publications

Delimatsis, P.  

Partiti, E.

Borowicz, M. K.

Past Participation

2020

  • Delimatsis, P.
    The Resilience of Voluntary Economic Activism – Lessons from the Great Recession. Paper presented at the Biennial conference on international economic law of the American Society of International Law (ASIL), University of Miami.

  • Corraporteur for Panel on ‘Threats to Cross-Border Banking: Resolution and Brexit’ at the Harvard Law School Program on International Financial Systems Symposium on Building the Financial System of the 21st Century: An Agenda for Europe and the United States, The French Treasury, Paris, France.

2019

Bijlmakers, S.

Borowicz, K. 

Partiti, E.

Ruhela, S.

  • The Resilience of Standard - Setting Bodies in Banking: The Case Study of Basel Committee on Banking Supervision. Presented at the ‘Investment, Banking and Antitrust Session’ at 8th SIEL PEPA Conference, King’s College London.
  • REVEAL member, Shanya Ruhela (Ph.D. Researcher) presented her work-in-progress at the 8th Conference of the Postgraduate and Early Professionals/Academics Network of the Society of International Economic Law (PEPA/SIEL), held in London on May 30-31, 2019. Her presentation was on understanding the resilience of standard setting bodies in banking by undertaking a case study of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (the “Committee”).

    The Committee is a self-enforcing institution, which promulgates minimum banking standards at an international level. These standards have no legal, binding or coercive force mandating compliance. Her work attempts to decipher the changes that occurred in standard-setting process of the Committee as a result of the Great Financial Crisis of 2008, which ultimately led to negotiation and adoption of a new set of standards (Basel III). Resilience is the capacity to experience shocks while retaining identity. The overarching aim of her research is to identify the key strategies for resilience of non-state actors or private standard-setting bodies by examining the evolution of standard-setting process by the Committee.

Verghese, Z.G.

2018

Partiti, E.

  • Transnational Private Environmental Regulation. Speaker at the Roundtable co-organized by Law and Justice Across Borders/ACELG/ACES - ‘The EU as a global environmental regulator - extraterritoriality, transnational effects and legitimacy’. Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research (AISSR), Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
  • Global convergence through standards and private actors? EU and the transnational regulation of responsible business conduct. Speaker for the session on ‘Convergence: Deeper, wider or lower (I)?’ at the ‘Modelling convergence of the EU with the world: taking, receiving and becoming EU law’ workshop. The City Law School, City University of London.

Delimatsis, P.

  • The Future of Standardization Law. Speaker at the World Standards Cooperation (WSC), Academic Roundtable 2018: Development of an Agenda for International Standardization Research, World Standards Cooperation 2018, organized by Reinhard Weissinger, ISO, and Prof. Henk de Vries, RSM, Erasmus University Rotterdam and hosted by China University of Metrology, Hangzhou, China.

This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (grant agreement No 725798)

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