I am an Italian expat living in the Netherlands since 2015. I was born and raised in Rome where I trained as a clinical psychologist specializing in attachment and personality pathology. I then specialized in forensic psychology and in particular, I am interested in the socio-affective and motivational factors related to the development and manifestation of antagonistic personality traits (in particular, psychopathy) as well as of violent or otherwise antisocial behavior. I am a full member of the Society for the Scientific Study of Psychopathy,  and I am founding member and inaugural co-chair of the Section for the study of psychopathy and antisocial personality disorder for the European Society for the Study of Personality Disorders. 


Broadly, my research interests are focused on individual characteristics that contribute to the most severe forms of aggression, violence, and antisocial behavior, from a developmental psychopathology perspective. Specifically, my main focus so far has revolved around the role of emotion, emotion regulation, and personality pathology (mainly psychopathy). In this context, my current research projects are aimed at: 1) untangling different emotion regulation processes and their relations with psychopathic traits and aggressive behavior; 2) elucidating the intertwined roles of emotion, cognition, and motivation in psychopathy and antisocial behavior; 3) examining the developmental antecedents of psychopathic personality and antisocial behavior. A transversal focus of my research consists also in the conceptualization and assessment of psychopathic personality in youth and adults.


I coordinate and teach the bachelor's courses Psychological Assessment and Criminality, Cognition, and Personality , and I am the coordinator of the Internal Traineeships for the Research Master Individual Differences and Assessment. I also teach guest lectures on the treatment of antisocial personality disorders and psychopathy in the master's course Forensic Treatment and Care Programs. Furthermore, I regularly supervise bachelor's and/or (research) master's thesis students.  



Collaborating is one of the most exciting parts of my job, and I am always keen to establish and nurture collaborations with colleagues and friends from around the world. I favor long-term collaborations over short-term ones, and I am grateful for the opportunity to have collaborated with peers and more senior colleagues from around the world. In my scholarly work, I have a strong sense of mission to reach a broader audience of practitioners, policy-makers, and the general public.

Recent publications

  1. Bidirectional associations between self-regulation and deviance from …

    Billen, E., Garofalo, C., Weller, J., Kirisci, L., Reynolds, M., Tarter, R. E., & Bogaerts, S. (2022). Bidirectional associations between self-regulation and deviance from adolescence to adulthood. Development and Psychopathology.
  2. Self-regulation all bass-ackwards - Similarities and differences in c…

    Billen, E., Garofalo, C., & Bogaerts, S. (2022). Self-regulation all bass-ackwards: Similarities and differences in component structure in community and forensic psychiatric populations. Psychological Assessment.
  3. Clinical forensic psychology: - Introductory perspectives on offending

    Garofalo, C., & Sijtsema, J. (Eds.) (Accepted/In press). Clinical forensic psychology: Introductory perspectives on offending. Palgrave Macmillan.
  4. Emotion and emotion regulation

    Garofalo, C. (2022). Emotion and emotion regulation. In C. Garofalo, & J. Sijtsema (Eds.), Clinical forensic psyschology: Introductory perspectives on offending Palgrave Macmillan.
  5. Detection of domestic violence and abuse by community mental health t…

    Ruijne, R., Mulder, C., Zarchev, M., Trevillion, K., Est, R. V., Leeman, E., Willems, W., Gaag, M. V. D., Garofalo, C., Bogaerts, S., Howard, L., & Kamperman, A. (2022). Detection of domestic violence and abuse by community mental health teams using the BRAVE intervention: A multicenter, cluster randomized controlled trial. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

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