We are Tilburg University

We are Tilburg University


Inge Graef is Associate Professor of Competition Law at Tilburg University. She is affiliated to the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) and the Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC).


Inge holds expertise in the areas of competition law, platform regulation and the governance of data. She is particularly interested in the interaction of competition law with other legal regimes, such as intellectual property, data protection and consumer law.

She also regularly comments and advises on new legislative and policy initiatives with regard to the regulation of digital services and data.



Inge is co-chairing the Digital Clearinghouse initiative, which aims to facilitate cooperation, dialogue and exchange of insights between regulatory authorities across Europe and beyond in the areas of competition, data protection and consumer law. She is also appointed as a member of the European Commission's expert group to the EU Observatory on the Online Platform Economy.

Inge has been involved in various policy studies commissioned by the European Commission, the Belgian, Dutch and German government on topics such as the role of big data in competition law, the regulation of business-to-business relationships in the online platform economy, data sharing, net neutrality and the position of over-the-top services within electronic communications law.

Inge held visiting appointments at the Institute of European and Comparative Law of Oxford University (2018) and at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in Munich (2014).

Recent publications

  1. Big tech en mededinging

    Graef, I. (2020). Big tech en mededinging. Ars Aequi, 2020(Bijzonder Nummer 'Concurrentie'), 716-727. https://arsaequi-nl.tilburguniversity.idm.oclc.org/product/big-tech-en-mededinging/
  2. Hybrid differentiation and competition beyond markets

    Graef, I. (2020). Hybrid differentiation and competition beyond markets. Competition Policy International - Antitrust Chronicle, June 2020(II), 1-8. https://www.competitionpolicyinternational.com/hybrid-differentiation-and-competition-beyond-markets/
  3. Paving the way forward for data governance - A story of checks and ba…

    Graef, I. (2020). Paving the way forward for data governance: A story of checks and balances. Technology and Regulation, 2020(Special issue Governing Data as a Resource), 24-28. https://techreg.org/index.php/techreg/article/view/57
  4. Spill-overs in data governance - Uncovering the uneasy relationship b…

    Graef, I., Husovec, M., & van den Boom, J. (2020). Spill-overs in data governance: Uncovering the uneasy relationship between the GDPR’s right to data portability and EU sector-specific data access regimes. Journal of European Consumer and Market Law = EuCML, 9(1), 3-16. https://beck-online.beck.de/?vpath=bibdata%2fzeits%2fEUCML%2f2020%2fcont%2fEUCML%2e2020%2eH01%2egl2%2ehtm
  5. To regulate or not to regulate Big Tech

    Graef, I., & Costa-Cabral, F. (2020). To regulate or not to regulate Big Tech. Concurrences, 2020(1), 24-29.

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