Cortege Tilbrug University

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Inge Graef is Assistant Professor at Tilburg Law School with affiliations to the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) and the Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC).

She is also appointed as a member of the European Commission's expert group to the EU Observatory on the Online Platform Economy.

The focus of Inge's research is on competition enforcement in the digital economy. She is particularly interested in the interface between competition law and other fields of EU law such as data protection, intellectual property and electronic communications law. Other research interests include the Digital Single Market and net neutrality.

In her doctoral thesis, Inge explored the interaction between competition law and data on online platforms, and the extent to which data protection can be protected as a non-efficiency concern in competition policy.


In 2017, Inge joined Tilburg Law School where she is affiliated to the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology and Society (TILT) and the Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC).

Prior to joining Tilburg University, Inge worked as a researcher at the KU Leuven Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP). In the framework of her PhD studies, she was a visiting researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in Munich in Fall 2014. For her article 'Market Definition and Market Power in Data: The Case of Online Platforms' published in 2015, Inge won the Young Writer's Award of Kluwer Law International's journal World Competition.

In the past, Inge was involved in a number of policy studies commissioned by the European Commission, the Belgian and Dutch government on topics such as net neutrality, the position of over-the-top players in electronic communciations law, the regulation of business-to-business relationships in the online platform environment and the role of big


Recent publications

  1. Aptoide versus Google and the boundaries of competition law

    Graef, I. (2018). Aptoide versus Google and the boundaries of competition law. Wirtschaft und Wettbewerb , 68(9), 437.
  2. Fairness and enforcement

    Graef, I., Clifford, D., & Valcke, P. (2018). Fairness and enforcement: Bridging competition, data protection, and consumer law. International Data Privacy Law, 8(3), 200-223.
  3. iFairness

    Valcke, P., Graef, I., & Clifford, D. (2018). iFairness: Constructing fairness in IT (and other areas of) law through intra- and interdisciplinarity. Computer Law and Security Review, 34(4), 707-714.
  4. Big data, prijsdiscriminatie en mededinging

    van Damme, E., Graef, I., & Sauter, W. (2018). Big data, prijsdiscriminatie en mededinging. Markt en Mededinging, (3), 114-123.
  5. Mandated data sharing is a necessity in specific sectors

    Graef, I., & Prüfer, J. (2018). Mandated data sharing is a necessity in specific sectors. Economisch Statistische Berichten, 103(4763), 298-301.

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