Social comparisons are ubiquitous in how people think and feel about themselves and others. Consequently, comparisons with other people play an important role in motivating behavior in social life. In my research, I am particularly interested in how specific emotions based on social comparisons such as envy, pride, or admiration determine how people make sense of social hierarchies and navigate in them, creating conflict or cooperation in social relationships and organizations. I use experimental as well as correlational approaches to investigate how such emotions contribute to decision-making, social perception, and behavior at the individual and social level.  Recently, I have taken an interest in using Virtual Reality as a tool for psychological research. As an editor of the In-Mind Magazine, my goal is to enable psychologists to communicate their science to the public.


I have taught courses on work and organizational psychology,  negotiation and conflict resolution, basic and applied social psychology, emotion and motivation, and consumer behavior at the University of Cologne and the University of Bremen.

Recent publications

  1. Social comparison - A review of theory, research, and applications

    Crusius, J., Corcoran, K., & Mussweiler, T. (Accepted/In press). Social comparison: A review of theory, research, and applications. In D. Chadee (Ed.), Theories of social psychology (2 ed.). Wiley.
  2. Sozialer Vergleich

    Crusius, J. (Accepted/In press). Sozialer Vergleich. In P. Ozimek, H. W. Bierhoff, E. Rohmann, & S. Hanke (Eds.), Angewandte Sozialpsychologie: Ein Lehrbuch Kohlhammer.
  3. Group membership does not modulate automatic imitation

    Genschow, O., Westfal, M., Cracco, E., & Crusius, J. (2022). Group membership does not modulate automatic imitation. Psychological Research, 86(3), 780-791.
  4. Wissenschaftskommunikation wissenschaftlich arbeitender Psycholog_inn…

    Genschow, O., Sauerland, M., Crusius, J., & Friese, M. (Accepted/In press). Wissenschaftskommunikation wissenschaftlich arbeitender Psycholog_innen im deutschsprachigen Raum: Eine Bestandsaufnahme. Psychologische Rundschau.
  5. How envy and being envied shape social hierarchies

    Lange, J., & Crusius, J. (Accepted/In press). How envy and being envied shape social hierarchies. In S. Protasi (Ed.), The moral psychology of envy Rowman & Littlefield.

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