Recent publications

  1. “Dead-dead”: Trapped in the Human Trafficking Cycle in Libya

    Smits, K. (2023). “Dead-dead”: Trapped in the Human Trafficking Cycle in Libya. In M. Van Reisen, M. Mawere, K. Smits, & M. Wirtz (Eds.), Enslaved.: Trapped and Trafficked in Digital Black Holes: Human Trafficking Trajectories to Libya. (pp. 627-668). (Connected and Mobile: Migration and Human Trafficking in Africa; Vol. 5). Langaa RPCIG. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/367240197_Dead-dead_Trapped_in_the_Human_Trafficking_Cycle_in_Libya
  2. Deceived and Exploited - Classifying the Practice as Human Trafficking

    Smits, K., & van Reisen, M. (2023). Deceived and Exploited: Classifying the Practice as Human Trafficking. In M. Van Reisen, M. Mawere, K. Smits, & M. Wirtz (Eds.), Enslaved.: Trapped and Trafficked in Digital Black Holes: Human Trafficking Trajectories to Libya. (pp. 332-391). Langaa RPCIG. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/367254709_Deceived_and_Exploited_Classifying_the_Practice_as_Human_Trafficking
  3. Escaping Eritrea - The Vulnerability of Eritreans to Human Traffickin…

    Smits, K., & Wirtz, M. (2023). Escaping Eritrea: The Vulnerability of Eritreans to Human Trafficking. In M. Van Reisen, M. Mawere, K. Smits, & M. Wirtz (Eds.), Enslaved: Trapped and Trafficked in Digital Black Holes: Human Trafficking Trajectories to Libya. (pp. 255-295). Langaa RPCIG. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/367254490_Escaping_Eritrea_The_Vulnerability_of_Eritreans_to_Human_Trafficking
  4. “You are the Ball – They are the Players” - The Human Traffickers of …

    Smits, K. (2023). “You are the Ball – They are the Players”: The Human Traffickers of Eritreans in Libya. In M. Van Reisen, M. Mawere, K. Smits, & M. Wirtz (Eds.), Enslaved.: Trapped and Trafficked in Digital Black Holes: Human Trafficking Trajectories to Libya. (pp. 451-520). (Connected and Mobile: Migration and Human Trafficking in Africa; Vol. 5). Langaa RPCIG. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/367240627_You_are_the_Ball_-_They_are_the_Players_The_Human_Traffickers_of_Eritreans_in_Libya
  5. Enslaved - Trapped and Trafficked in Digital Black Holes: Human Traff…

    van Reisen, M., Mawere, M., Smits, K., & Wirtz, M. (Eds.) (2023). Enslaved: Trapped and Trafficked in Digital Black Holes: Human Trafficking Trajectories to Libya. (Connected and Mobile: Migration and Human Trafficking in Africa; Vol. 5). Langaa RPCIG. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/367254851_Enslaved_Trapped_and_Trafficked_in_Digital_Black_Holes_Human_Trafficking_Trajectories_to_Libya

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