What is cheating?
Tilburg University's definition of cheating is: "Any action (or lack of action) by an examinee that makes it impossible for his or her knowledge, insight and skills to be judged properly".
Tilburg University regards the following situations and types of conduct as examples of cheating:
- Having texts, electronic apparatus or anything with comparable features or functions available for use in the examination, even though their use or consultation during examinations is absolutely forbidden;
- Looking at other examinees' work or exchanging information with other examinees in any way, either inside or outside the examination room at any time during the examination;
- Pretending to be someone else during an examination or letting someone else replace the examination candidate;
- Switching question papers or answer sheets, or exchanging them with someone else;
- Prior to an examination, obtaining the examination questions, assignments or answers for oneself or for one or more other examination candidates;
- Changing something after the examination paper has been handed in;
- Borrowing facts, texts, reasoning or ideas from someone else for a thesis or other assignment, without the proper acknowledgements as laid down in the generally accepted rules for academic work;
- Manipulating or incorrectly presenting the results in a research project, including the thesis, in order to mislead;
- Giving fellow students or examinees the chance to cheat, or encouraging them to do so.