TILEC Work In Progress: Thomas Tombal
Imposing data sharing among private actors: a tale of economic and societal balances
In light of data’s characteristics, a growing call for imposing business-to-business (B2B) data sharing is being made at policy level. This can be justified by three types of rationale, namely economic, societal, and “empowerment” considerations. While compulsory data sharing may lead to numerous benefits, it can also entail several costs. In this regard, my PhD research aimed at answering the following research question: “What are the balancing exercises underlying compulsory B2B data sharing?”. More precisely, I highlight the need to balance the benefits stemming from compulsory B2B data sharing initiatives with the economic interests of the data holder; personal data protection considerations; and the long-term and collective costs that (some of) these initiatives could entail in terms of individual autonomy. I also underline that there is no one-size fits all answer to how these balancing exercises should be solved. Rather, the objective pursued by the compulsory data sharing initiative (economic, societal or empowerment) should be a key starting point when addressing these fundamental balancing exercises. It should indeed arguably have an impact on the determination of the ratione personae and ratione materiae scopes of these initiatives, as well as on considerations pertaining to the remuneration of the data holder.
Speaker: Thomas Tombal