Modern Age

View our general reading list and learn more about the period 1815-1990 in the field of History of international law.

Abbenhuis, Maartje

  • An Age of Neutrals. Great Power Politics, 1815-1914 (Cambridge UP 2014).

Anand, R.P.

  • 'Family of Civilized States and Japan: A Story of Humiliation, Assimilation, Defiance and Confrontation’, Journal of the History of International Law, 5 (2003) 1-76.

Augusti, Eliana

  • ‘L’intervento europeo in Oriente nel XIX secolo: storia contesa di un istituto controverso’ in Luigi Nuzzo and Milos Veç (eds.), Constructing International Law. The Birth of a Discipline (Frankfurt: Vittorio Klostermann 2012) 277-330.

Bartolini, Giulio

  • ‘The Impact of Fascism on the Italian Doctrine of International Law’, Journal of the History of International Law, 14 (2012) 237-86.
  • A History of International Law in Italy (Oxford UP 2020).

Becker Lorca, Arnulf

  • Mestizo International Law. A Global Intellectual History 1842-1933 (Cambridge UP 2014).

Benton, Lauren and Lisa Ford

  • Rage for Order. The British Empire and the Origins of International Law 1800-1850 (Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press 2016).

Carrai, Maria Adele

  • Sovereignty in China. A Genealogy of a Concept since 1840 (Cambridge UP 2019).

Craven, Matthew

  • Colonialism and Domination’, in Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford UP 2012) 862-89.

Crawford, James

  • ‘Public International Law in Twentieth-Century England’, in Jack Beatson and Reinhard Zimmermann (eds.), Jurists Uprooted. German-Speaking Emigré Lawyers in Twentieth-Century England (Oxford UP 2004) 681-707.

De la Rasilla y del Moral, Ignacio

  • In the Shadow of Vitoria. A History of International Law in Spain (1770-1953) (Leiden and Boston: Brill/Nijhoff 2017).

Duranti, Marco

  • The Conservative Human Rights Revolution. European Identity, Transnational Politics, and the Origins of the European Convention (Oxford UP 2017).

Fisch, Jörg 

  • The Right of Self-Determination of Peoples. The Domestication of an Illusion (Cambridge UP 2015).

Fitzmaurice, Andrew

  • King Leopold's Ghostwriter. The Creation of Persons and States in the Nineteenth Century (Princeton UP 2021).

Frei, Gabriela A.

  • Great Britain, International Law, & the Evolution of Maritime Strategic Thought 1856-1914 (Oxford UP 2020).

Garcia-Salmones Rovira, Monica

  • Monica Garcia-Salmones Rovira, The Project of Positivism in International Law (Oxford UP 2013).

Gathii, James

  • ‘Imperialism, Colonialism and International Law', Buffalo Law Review, 54 (2007) 1013-66.

Howland, Douglas

  • International Law and Japanese Sovereignty. The Emerging Global Order in the 19th Century (Palgrave Macmillan 2016).

Hull, Isabel V.

  • A Scrap of Paper. Breaking and Making International Law during the Great War (Ithaca, NY and London: Cornell University Press 2014).

Janis, Mark W.

  • America and the Law of Nations 1776-1939 (Oxford UP 2010).

Keene, Edward

  • ‘The Treaty-Making Revolution of the Nineteenth Century’, International History Review, 34 (2012) 475-500.

Kennedy, David

  •  ‘International Law in the Nineteenth Century’, Quinnipiac Law Review, 17 (1998) 99-138.

Klose, Fabian

  • In the Cause of Humanity. A History of Humanitarian Intervention in the Long Nineteenth Century (Cambridge UP 2022).

Koskenniemi, Martti

  • The Gentle Civilizer of Nations. The Rise and Fall of International Law 1870-1960 (Cambridge UP 2001).

Lemnitzer, Jan Martin

  • Power, Law and the End of Privateering (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan 2014).

Lerner, Warren

  • ‘The Historical Origins of the Soviet Doctrine of Peaceful Coexistence’, Law and Contemporary Problems, 29 (1964) 865-970.

Mälksoo, Lauri

  • ‘Russia-Europe’, in Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford UP 2012) 764-86.
  • ‘Sources of International Law in the Nineteenth-Century European Tradition: Insights from Practice and Theory’, in Samantha Besson and Jean d’Aspremont (eds.), The Oxford Handbook on the Sources of International Law (Oxford UP 2017) 146-62.

Mantilla, Giovanni

  • Lawmaking under Pressure. International Humanitarian Law and Internal Armed Conflict (Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press 2020).

Martinez, Jenny S.

  • The Slave Trade and the Origins of International Human Rights Law (Oxford UP 2012).

Mawar, Deepak

  • States Undermining International Law. The League of Nations, United Nations and Failed Utopianism (Palgrave Macmillan 2021).

Miles, Kate

  • The Origins of International Investment Law. Empire, Environment and the Safeguarding of Capital (Cambridge UP 2013).

Moyn,  Samuel

  • The Last Utopia. Human Rights in History (Cambridge, MA and London: Belknap Press 2010).
  • Not Enough. Human Rights in an Unequal World (Cambridge, MA and London: Belknap Press 2018).
  • Humane. How the United States Abandoned Peace and Reinvented War (Farrar, Straus and Giroux 2021).

Mulder, Nicholas

  • The Economic Weapon. The Rise of Sanctions as a Tool of Modern War (Yale UP 2022).

Neff, Stephen C.

  • Justice in Blue and Gray. A Legal History of the Civil War (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press 2010).

Nuzzo, Luigi

  • Origini di una Scienza. Diritto internazionale e colonialismo nel XIX secolo (Frankfurt: Vittorio Klostermann 2012).

Pahuja, Sundhya

  • Decolonising International Law. Development, Economic Growth and the Politics of Universality (Cambridge UP 2011).

Pahuja, Sundhya and Gerry Simpson (eds.)

  • International Law and the Cold War (Cambridge UP 2020).

Parfitt, Rose

  • The Process of International Legal Reproduction. Inequality, Historiography, Resistance (Cambridge UP 2019).

Payk, Marcus M.

  • Frieden durch Recht? Der Aufstieg des modernen Völkerrechts und der Friedensschluss nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg (Berlin: De Gruyter Oldenbourg 2018).

Pedersen, Susan

  • The Guardians. The League of Nations and the Crisis of Empire (Oxford UP 2015).

Rossi, Chrisopher R.

  • Whiggish International Law. Elihu Root, the Monroe Doctrine , and International Law in the Americas (Leiden and Boston: Brill/Nijhoff 2019).

Scarfi, Juan Pablo

  • The Hidden History of International Law in the Americas. Empire and Legal Networks (Oxford UP 2017).

Schaffer, Gregory

  • Emerging Power and the World Trading System. The Past and Future of International Economic Law (Cambridge UP 2022).

Siegelberg, Mira L.

  • Statelessness. A Modern History (Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard UP 2020).

Simpson, A.W. Brian

  • Human Rights and the End of Empire. Britain and the Genesis of the European Convention (Oxford UP 2001).

Simpson, Gerry

  • Great Powers and Outlaw States. Unequal Sovereigns in the International Legal Order (Cambridge UP 2004).

Smith, Leonard

  • Sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 (Oxford UP 2018).

Sylvest, Casper

  •  ‘International Law in Nineteenth-Century Britain’, British Yearbook of International Law, 75 (2004) 9-70.

Tzouvala, Ntina

  • Capitalism as Civilisation. A History of International Law (Cambridge UP 2020).

Van Dijk, Boyd

  • Preparing for War. The Making of the Geneva Conventions (Oxford UP 2022).

Van Hulle, Inge

  • Britain and International Law in West Africa. The Practice of Empire (Oxford UP 2020).

Vec, Milos

  • 'From the Congress of Vienna to the Paris Peace Treaties of 1919’ in Bardo Fassbender and Anne Peters (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford UP 2012) 679-98.
  • 'Sources of International Law in the Nineteenth-Century European Tradition: The Myth of Positivism’, in Samantha Besson and Jean d’Aspremont (eds.), The Oxford Handbook on the Sources of International Law (Oxford UP 2017) 121-45.

Von Bernstoff, Joachim 

  • The Public International Law Theory of Hans Kelsen (Cambridge UP 2010).

Weitz, Eric D.

  • A World Divided. The Global Struggle for Human Rights in the Age of Nation-States (Princeton UP 2019).

Wertheim, Stephen

  • Tomorrow the World. A History of U.S. Global Supremacy (Cambridge, MA and London: Belknap Press 2020).

Witt, Johan Fabian

  • ‘A Social History of International Law: Historical Commentary, 1861-1900’ in David L. Sloss, Michael D. Ramsey and William S. Dodge (eds.), International Law in the U.S. Supreme Court. Continuity and Change (Cambridge UP 2011) 164-87.
  • Lincoln’s Code. The Laws of War in American History (New York etc.: Free Press 2012).

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