Irene works as Assistant Professor Cybercrime Law and Human Rights at TILT. She obtained a joint doctorate degree by the Tilburg University and the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Her research explores norm-making and enforcement in the digital environment, including technical standardisation. Irene has conducted research for the European Commission, the Dutch National Cyber Security Agency, the European Cybersecurity Agency and others. She is also invited as external expert evaluator of EU funded proposals on societal security. Irene is selected as a member of the ENISA Experts List for assisting in the implementation of its Annual Work Programme and a member of the CEN-CENELEC/BTWG 3 'STAIR' on STAndardization, Innovation and Research. Last year, Irene was the winner of the 2021 Standards+Innovation Individual Researcher award of the European Standardisation Organisations. Irene is qualified attorney-at-law and was practicising for several years before joining academia.